Skip to main content
Sabrang
Sabrang
Rule of Law Minorities

Delhi Court grants Noor Mohammed bail in riots case

Court cited lack of evidence, and that an accused cannot be jailed indefinitely on grounds of an ongoing investigation, as reasons

sabrang 06 Oct 2020

Delhi riots

On October 5, 2020 the Karkardooma Court in Delhi granted bail to Noor Mohammad, who had been in judicial custody since April 2, 2020 in connection with the February 2020 Delhi violence. Mohammed was let off on bail upon furnishing a bond of Rs 20,000 with one surety each in the three cases related to rioting and vandalising shops in Khajuri Khas area.

This Bail order was passed by Additional Sessions Judge Vinod Yadav through video conferencing which also directed Noor to not tamper with evidence or influence any witness in any manner, to maintain peace and harmony in the locality and to appear before the court on the date of every hearing. He was also asked to install the Aarogya Setu app in his smartphone, provide his number to the SHO of Police Station Khajuri Khas and make sure it’s in a working condition to be contacted easily. Noor Mohammad was represented by Akhtar Shamim, while Special Public Prosecutor Manoj Choudhary led the prosecution team.

The first FIR was registered on the complaint of Giyanender Kumar Kochar who alleged that his shop Bunny Bakers in Khajuri Khas was vandalised by a mob on February 24, 2020. The second FIR was registered by one Hanif who alleged that his tailor shop was destroyed by the riotous mob on the same day. The third FIR was registered on the complaint of Sanjay Kumar Goyal who alleged that his medicine shop was set on fire by the mob again on the same day of February 24, 2020. 

The court observed that Noor had not been named by the 3 complainants in their respective statements and that it was only after 40 days of the vandalising incident, that they identified Noor at the Khajuri Khas Police Station, Delhi. It also does not appeal to the senses that initially all the aforesaid three complainants did not specifically name the applicant in their respective complaints, but later on after about 40 days of the incident, all of them identified the applicant in PS Khajuri Khas”, observed the court.

Under section 141 of the Indian Penal Code, a minimum number of five people is mandatory to constitute an “Unlawful Assembly” but the Court observed that the incident in the matter took place on 24.02.2020 and till date besides the applicant, the investigating agency has not been able to identify any other member of the so called “unlawful assembly”. Judge Vinod Yadav also stated that “There is no electronic evidence available against the applicant, either in the form of any CCTV footages or his Call data record location, which could prime facie show his presence at the scene of crime on the date of incident.

The Court upbraided investigation agencies for their laxity given how the incident took place in February, and a chargesheet was in place, but no incriminating evidence against Noor was available on record even after months. The investigating agency is blowing the trumpet that investigation of the cases are underway and remaining persons of the unlawful assembly have to be identified and arrested in the manner, the court reportedly observed. The court, however, clarified that anything stated in the order should not be construed as expressing any opinion on the final merits of the cases, as they were at pre cognizance/pre committal stage.

In a case of similar fate, one Firoz Khan was booked under the rioting and mischief sections of the Indian Penal Code over the Delhi riots and had been in custody since April 3, 2020. On May 29, 2020 Justice Anup J Bhambhani of the Delhi High Court extended regular bail to him stating that prison is predominantly for convicts. The court observed, Prisons are not for detaining undertrials in order to send any ‘message’ to society. The remit of the court is to dispense justice in accordance with law, not to send messages to society. It is this sentiment, whereby the State demands that undertrials be kept in prison inordinately without any purpose, that leads to overcrowding of jails; and leaves undertrials with the inevitable impression that they are being punished even before trial and therefore being treated unfairly by the system.

The Court noticed that the Complainant had neither named or identified the Applicant Firoz and that the Prosecution relied on the statement of the alleged eye witness- a police constable to establish the presence of the Applicant on the spot at the relevant time. But the FIR clearly claimed that no police was present at the time of the incident. The Court also observed that while the offences were alleged to have been committed by an unlawful assembly, even after concluding investigation, only 2 people were named and identified out of hundreds of people. The court observed, This court is conscious that ‘judicial custody’ is the custody of the court; and the court will be loathe to depriving a person of his liberty, in the court’s name, on the mere ipse-dixit of the State, when it finds no substantial basis or reason for doing so. Firoz Khan was represented by Senior Advocate Rebecca John with Advocate Bilal Anwar Khan.

Violent communal clashes had broken out in North East Delhi on February 23, 2020 between Citizenship law supporters and protesters, leaving 53 people dead of which two thirds were allegedly Muslims, and hundreds of others injured.

The Bail Order may be read here:

Related:

Natasha Narwal of Pinjra Tod gets bail in Delhi riots case

Umar Khalid arrested by Delhi Police Special Cell

Bail to 21 accused of violence in anti-CAA protests in Mangaluru: SC

Delhi Court grants Noor Mohammed bail in riots case

Court cited lack of evidence, and that an accused cannot be jailed indefinitely on grounds of an ongoing investigation, as reasons

Delhi riots

On October 5, 2020 the Karkardooma Court in Delhi granted bail to Noor Mohammad, who had been in judicial custody since April 2, 2020 in connection with the February 2020 Delhi violence. Mohammed was let off on bail upon furnishing a bond of Rs 20,000 with one surety each in the three cases related to rioting and vandalising shops in Khajuri Khas area.

This Bail order was passed by Additional Sessions Judge Vinod Yadav through video conferencing which also directed Noor to not tamper with evidence or influence any witness in any manner, to maintain peace and harmony in the locality and to appear before the court on the date of every hearing. He was also asked to install the Aarogya Setu app in his smartphone, provide his number to the SHO of Police Station Khajuri Khas and make sure it’s in a working condition to be contacted easily. Noor Mohammad was represented by Akhtar Shamim, while Special Public Prosecutor Manoj Choudhary led the prosecution team.

The first FIR was registered on the complaint of Giyanender Kumar Kochar who alleged that his shop Bunny Bakers in Khajuri Khas was vandalised by a mob on February 24, 2020. The second FIR was registered by one Hanif who alleged that his tailor shop was destroyed by the riotous mob on the same day. The third FIR was registered on the complaint of Sanjay Kumar Goyal who alleged that his medicine shop was set on fire by the mob again on the same day of February 24, 2020. 

The court observed that Noor had not been named by the 3 complainants in their respective statements and that it was only after 40 days of the vandalising incident, that they identified Noor at the Khajuri Khas Police Station, Delhi. It also does not appeal to the senses that initially all the aforesaid three complainants did not specifically name the applicant in their respective complaints, but later on after about 40 days of the incident, all of them identified the applicant in PS Khajuri Khas”, observed the court.

Under section 141 of the Indian Penal Code, a minimum number of five people is mandatory to constitute an “Unlawful Assembly” but the Court observed that the incident in the matter took place on 24.02.2020 and till date besides the applicant, the investigating agency has not been able to identify any other member of the so called “unlawful assembly”. Judge Vinod Yadav also stated that “There is no electronic evidence available against the applicant, either in the form of any CCTV footages or his Call data record location, which could prime facie show his presence at the scene of crime on the date of incident.

The Court upbraided investigation agencies for their laxity given how the incident took place in February, and a chargesheet was in place, but no incriminating evidence against Noor was available on record even after months. The investigating agency is blowing the trumpet that investigation of the cases are underway and remaining persons of the unlawful assembly have to be identified and arrested in the manner, the court reportedly observed. The court, however, clarified that anything stated in the order should not be construed as expressing any opinion on the final merits of the cases, as they were at pre cognizance/pre committal stage.

In a case of similar fate, one Firoz Khan was booked under the rioting and mischief sections of the Indian Penal Code over the Delhi riots and had been in custody since April 3, 2020. On May 29, 2020 Justice Anup J Bhambhani of the Delhi High Court extended regular bail to him stating that prison is predominantly for convicts. The court observed, Prisons are not for detaining undertrials in order to send any ‘message’ to society. The remit of the court is to dispense justice in accordance with law, not to send messages to society. It is this sentiment, whereby the State demands that undertrials be kept in prison inordinately without any purpose, that leads to overcrowding of jails; and leaves undertrials with the inevitable impression that they are being punished even before trial and therefore being treated unfairly by the system.

The Court noticed that the Complainant had neither named or identified the Applicant Firoz and that the Prosecution relied on the statement of the alleged eye witness- a police constable to establish the presence of the Applicant on the spot at the relevant time. But the FIR clearly claimed that no police was present at the time of the incident. The Court also observed that while the offences were alleged to have been committed by an unlawful assembly, even after concluding investigation, only 2 people were named and identified out of hundreds of people. The court observed, This court is conscious that ‘judicial custody’ is the custody of the court; and the court will be loathe to depriving a person of his liberty, in the court’s name, on the mere ipse-dixit of the State, when it finds no substantial basis or reason for doing so. Firoz Khan was represented by Senior Advocate Rebecca John with Advocate Bilal Anwar Khan.

Violent communal clashes had broken out in North East Delhi on February 23, 2020 between Citizenship law supporters and protesters, leaving 53 people dead of which two thirds were allegedly Muslims, and hundreds of others injured.

The Bail Order may be read here:

Related:

Natasha Narwal of Pinjra Tod gets bail in Delhi riots case

Umar Khalid arrested by Delhi Police Special Cell

Bail to 21 accused of violence in anti-CAA protests in Mangaluru: SC

Related Articles

Sunday

03

Jan

Pan-India

Saturday

05

Dec

05 pm onwards

Rise in Rage!

North Gate, JNU campus

Thursday

26

Nov

10 am onwards

Delhi Chalo

Pan India

Theme

Stop Hate

Hate and Harmony in 2021

A recap of all that transpired across India in terms of hate speech and even outright hate crimes, as well as the persecution of those who dared to speak up against hate. This disturbing harvest of hate should now push us to do more to forge harmony.
Taliban 2021

Taliban in Afghanistan: A look back

Communalism Combat had taken a deep dive into the lives of people of Afghanistan under the Taliban regime. Here we reproduce some of our archives documenting the plight of hapless Afghanis, especially women, who suffered the most under the hardline regime.
2020

Milestones 2020

In the year devastated by the Covid 19 Pandemic, India witnessed apathy against some of its most marginalised people and vilification of dissenters by powerful state and non state actors. As 2020 draws to a close, and hundreds of thousands of Indian farmers continue their protest in the bitter North Indian cold. Read how Indians resisted all attempts to snatch away fundamental and constitutional freedoms.
Migrant Diaries

Migrant Diaries

The 2020 COVID pandemic brought to fore the dismal lives that our migrant workers lead. Read these heartbreaking stories of how they lived before the pandemic, how the lockdown changed their lives and what they’re doing now.

Campaigns

Sunday

03

Jan

Pan-India

Saturday

05

Dec

05 pm onwards

Rise in Rage!

North Gate, JNU campus

Thursday

26

Nov

10 am onwards

Delhi Chalo

Pan India

Videos

Communalism

Is Kolkata's Chandrachur Goswami of 'Gandhi-as-mahisasur' fame close to the BJP?

Last month, there had been a huge controversy around All India Hindu Mahasabha’s depiction of Mahatma Gandhi in an `asura` idol at a Durga Puja pandal in Kolkata. The idol of asura resembling Mahatma Gandhi was installed at the pandal, following which a complaint with the Kolkata Police was filed. After having come under an enraged social media scrutiny, though the organisers denied connection to Gandhi, its state working president Chandrachur Goswami had something else to say. According to his social media, Goswami enjoys close connections with eminent BJP leaders and bureaucrats and openly spreads fake news and hate on his youtube channel.

Communalism

Is Kolkata's Chandrachur Goswami of 'Gandhi-as-mahisasur' fame close to the BJP?

Last month, there had been a huge controversy around All India Hindu Mahasabha’s depiction of Mahatma Gandhi in an `asura` idol at a Durga Puja pandal in Kolkata. The idol of asura resembling Mahatma Gandhi was installed at the pandal, following which a complaint with the Kolkata Police was filed. After having come under an enraged social media scrutiny, though the organisers denied connection to Gandhi, its state working president Chandrachur Goswami had something else to say. According to his social media, Goswami enjoys close connections with eminent BJP leaders and bureaucrats and openly spreads fake news and hate on his youtube channel.

IN FACT

Analysis

Stop Hate

Hate and Harmony in 2021

A recap of all that transpired across India in terms of hate speech and even outright hate crimes, as well as the persecution of those who dared to speak up against hate. This disturbing harvest of hate should now push us to do more to forge harmony.
Taliban 2021

Taliban in Afghanistan: A look back

Communalism Combat had taken a deep dive into the lives of people of Afghanistan under the Taliban regime. Here we reproduce some of our archives documenting the plight of hapless Afghanis, especially women, who suffered the most under the hardline regime.
2020

Milestones 2020

In the year devastated by the Covid 19 Pandemic, India witnessed apathy against some of its most marginalised people and vilification of dissenters by powerful state and non state actors. As 2020 draws to a close, and hundreds of thousands of Indian farmers continue their protest in the bitter North Indian cold. Read how Indians resisted all attempts to snatch away fundamental and constitutional freedoms.
Migrant Diaries

Migrant Diaries

The 2020 COVID pandemic brought to fore the dismal lives that our migrant workers lead. Read these heartbreaking stories of how they lived before the pandemic, how the lockdown changed their lives and what they’re doing now.

Archives