Skip to main content
Sabrang
Sabrang
Rule of Law Politics

Swachh Bharat Urban-Toilet Plan 76% Behind Schedule

Prachi Salve 27 Apr 2016

A public toilet which was recently built under the Swachh Bharat Mission in Delhi.
 * Of a target of 2.5 million household toilets in urban areas by March 2016, 24% (0.6 million) have been constructed.
 
* Of a target of 100,000 community and public toilet seats in urban areas by March 2016, 28% (28,948) have been constructed.
 
*Gujarat constructed 327,880 individual toilets until December 2015, more than any other state.
 
India’s ambitious toilet-construction programme–part of the Swachh Bharat (Clean India) mission to make India open-defecation free by 2019–is slipping, according to government data submitted to the Lok Sabha, the lower house of Parliament.
 
Another part of the Swachh Bharat Mission, to process urban garbage, is also failing its targets, as the second part of this series will detail.
 
Even if the toilet programme, started in September 2015, is brought on track, Indian cities and towns currently process no more than a third of the sewage generated by 377 million people, IndiaSpend reported in January 2016. The rest is randomly dumped in rivers, seas, lakes and wells, polluting three-fourths of India’s water bodies.
 
As many as 85 million people in urban India lack adequate sanitation, more than Germany’s population.
 
About 1.9 million toilets in urban areas are under construction, according to the government, but progress is slow.
 
Four of five states constructing most toilets governed by the BJP
 
Four of the five states that do best in toilet construction are governed by India’s ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).

Source: Lok Sabha
 
Gujarat constructed the most toilets until December 2015, with 327,880, followed by Madhya Pradesh. Andhra Pradesh, the only non-BJP state in the top five, comes in third.



Source: Lok Sabha
 
Some areas that are constructing toilets slowly, such as Delhi and Uttarakhand, may already have a high percentage of homes with toilets.
 
More Indians (households) use toilets in urban areas (81%) than in rural areas (43%), according to this Lok Sabha reply. Use varies, as some cities have better toilet facilities than others, although there are no reliable data.
 
As far as community toilet construction goes, Delhi tops the list, indicating a government effort to provide sanitation to slums, which is largely where such toilets are built.
 
Source: Lok Sabha


Source: Lok Sabha
 
Sewage systems are as important as toilet construction. India has 522 working sewage treatment plants, 62 of which are in Maharashtra, according to this Central Pollution Control Board report.
 
Only 36.8% wards in urban areas reported a proper liquid-waste disposal system for community and public toilets, according to the Swachhata Status report, released by the National Sample Survey Organization.
 
Delhi (86.8%), Gujarat (64.4%) and Tamil Nadu (62.6%) were among the states reporting a high percentage of wards with proper liquid-waste disposal systems for community and public toilets, the report said.
 
Maharashtra just announced it would clean its rivers by increasing investments in sewage treatment and solid-waste management. The government’s focus, thus far, has been on industrial effluents alone.
 
A Swachh Bharat cess, levied from November 2015, ramped up toilet construction nationwide, as IndiaSpend reported this week. Nearly 16 million toilets were constructed over two years (in rural areas), according to the government; 95 million need to be built over the next three to meet the government’s target of making India open-defecation free by 2019.
 
This is the first of a two-part series. Tomorrow: Swachch Bharat Mission Fails March 2016 Urban-Trash Targets
 
(Salve is an analyst with IndiaSpend.)
 
Courtesy: IndiaSpend

Swachh Bharat Urban-Toilet Plan 76% Behind Schedule


A public toilet which was recently built under the Swachh Bharat Mission in Delhi.
 * Of a target of 2.5 million household toilets in urban areas by March 2016, 24% (0.6 million) have been constructed.
 
* Of a target of 100,000 community and public toilet seats in urban areas by March 2016, 28% (28,948) have been constructed.
 
*Gujarat constructed 327,880 individual toilets until December 2015, more than any other state.
 
India’s ambitious toilet-construction programme–part of the Swachh Bharat (Clean India) mission to make India open-defecation free by 2019–is slipping, according to government data submitted to the Lok Sabha, the lower house of Parliament.
 
Another part of the Swachh Bharat Mission, to process urban garbage, is also failing its targets, as the second part of this series will detail.
 
Even if the toilet programme, started in September 2015, is brought on track, Indian cities and towns currently process no more than a third of the sewage generated by 377 million people, IndiaSpend reported in January 2016. The rest is randomly dumped in rivers, seas, lakes and wells, polluting three-fourths of India’s water bodies.
 
As many as 85 million people in urban India lack adequate sanitation, more than Germany’s population.
 
About 1.9 million toilets in urban areas are under construction, according to the government, but progress is slow.
 
Four of five states constructing most toilets governed by the BJP
 
Four of the five states that do best in toilet construction are governed by India’s ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).

Source: Lok Sabha
 
Gujarat constructed the most toilets until December 2015, with 327,880, followed by Madhya Pradesh. Andhra Pradesh, the only non-BJP state in the top five, comes in third.



Source: Lok Sabha
 
Some areas that are constructing toilets slowly, such as Delhi and Uttarakhand, may already have a high percentage of homes with toilets.
 
More Indians (households) use toilets in urban areas (81%) than in rural areas (43%), according to this Lok Sabha reply. Use varies, as some cities have better toilet facilities than others, although there are no reliable data.
 
As far as community toilet construction goes, Delhi tops the list, indicating a government effort to provide sanitation to slums, which is largely where such toilets are built.
 
Source: Lok Sabha


Source: Lok Sabha
 
Sewage systems are as important as toilet construction. India has 522 working sewage treatment plants, 62 of which are in Maharashtra, according to this Central Pollution Control Board report.
 
Only 36.8% wards in urban areas reported a proper liquid-waste disposal system for community and public toilets, according to the Swachhata Status report, released by the National Sample Survey Organization.
 
Delhi (86.8%), Gujarat (64.4%) and Tamil Nadu (62.6%) were among the states reporting a high percentage of wards with proper liquid-waste disposal systems for community and public toilets, the report said.
 
Maharashtra just announced it would clean its rivers by increasing investments in sewage treatment and solid-waste management. The government’s focus, thus far, has been on industrial effluents alone.
 
A Swachh Bharat cess, levied from November 2015, ramped up toilet construction nationwide, as IndiaSpend reported this week. Nearly 16 million toilets were constructed over two years (in rural areas), according to the government; 95 million need to be built over the next three to meet the government’s target of making India open-defecation free by 2019.
 
This is the first of a two-part series. Tomorrow: Swachch Bharat Mission Fails March 2016 Urban-Trash Targets
 
(Salve is an analyst with IndiaSpend.)
 
Courtesy: IndiaSpend

Related Articles

Monday

13

Jan

Nationwide

Saturday

04

Jan

Karve Statue, Kothrud, Pune

Theme

Delhi HC

Hate Speech and Delhi Pogrom 2020

A spate of provocative speeches, that amount to hate speech in law and should be prosecuted allowed blood letting to spill on the streets of north east Delhi in February-March 2020
hashimpura

Hashimpura Massacre

The Lemmings of Hashimpura
summer

Summer Culture

Our first summer culture bouquet features fiction from Syria and Iraq and poetry and art from Palestine.
khoj

Teaching Without Prejudice

Report of the CABE Committee on 'Regulatory Mechanisms for Textbooks and Parallel Textbooks Taught in Schools Outside the Government System

Campaigns

Monday

13

Jan

Nationwide

Saturday

04

Jan

Karve Statue, Kothrud, Pune

Videos

Health

Lockdown hit Naxalbari community faces severe food crisis

In this exclusive video for SabrangIndia, watch how the marginalised and daily wage workers have lost jobs, facing a severe food crisis and depending on daily relief, set up by community kitchens in Naxalbari. The lockdown has brought out several painful narratives of some of the most needy communities, that are not only battling hunger but struggling to maintain their dignity. Who is responsible for this crisis?

Health

Lockdown hit Naxalbari community faces severe food crisis

In this exclusive video for SabrangIndia, watch how the marginalised and daily wage workers have lost jobs, facing a severe food crisis and depending on daily relief, set up by community kitchens in Naxalbari. The lockdown has brought out several painful narratives of some of the most needy communities, that are not only battling hunger but struggling to maintain their dignity. Who is responsible for this crisis?

Analysis

Delhi HC

Hate Speech and Delhi Pogrom 2020

A spate of provocative speeches, that amount to hate speech in law and should be prosecuted allowed blood letting to spill on the streets of north east Delhi in February-March 2020
hashimpura

Hashimpura Massacre

The Lemmings of Hashimpura
summer

Summer Culture

Our first summer culture bouquet features fiction from Syria and Iraq and poetry and art from Palestine.
khoj

Teaching Without Prejudice

Report of the CABE Committee on 'Regulatory Mechanisms for Textbooks and Parallel Textbooks Taught in Schools Outside the Government System

Archives