Citizens speak up against flawed investigation into the February 2020 Delhi riots

Over 400 signatories endorse an open statement on the loopholes in the investigation into the Delhi riots of February 2020


Many more voices are rising to protest the flawed investigations and attempts at fanning conspiracy theories about the February 2020 communal riots of North East Delhi. Many are now realising that  Delhi Police has been attempting to criminalise the democratic protest against the Citizenship Amendment Act-National Register of Citizens-National Population Register (CAA-NRC-NPR), and blaming those who participated for instigating the communal riots of North East Delhi.

Scores of activists have been arrested, jailed, and more are regularly called in for questioning on their participation in the anti-CAA-NRC-NPR protests, even in investigations on cases related to the communal riots. However, none of the political leaders whose controversial speeches are a matter of public record, have even been  mentioned in any official investigation. None of the politicians have even been called for questioning, or asked to join any ongoing investigation into the riot cases. 

Activists such as Harsh Mander, Kawalpreet Kaur, Umar Khalid, Prof Apporvanand, etc have continued to raise their voices, even though they have all claimed to face tough questioning by the Delhi Police. They have put in front of the people, facts that lay bare the attempts at creating conspiracy theories, and steering the narrative of the sequence of events in another direction.

The activists have come forth and established the Forum for Constitutional Rights and Democratic Freedoms (FCRDF) in August, 2020, after discussion among its Principal Members, comprising both individuals and organisations, all representing different constituencies. Concerned with the erosion of Constitutional rights and democratic freedoms in the last few years, they have come together on a common platform to stem the tide. 

The groups represented are:

a) several Armed Forces Veterans
b) the Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan (MKSS) representing people’s organizations of the poor and disadvantaged
c) the Constitutional Conduct Group (CCG), made up of former civil servants
d) civil society organisations and concerned citizens
e) the Indian Cultural Forum, deeply involved with cultural issues.

They have issued their first statement of solidarity. This is the full text:

“We write to express our full support, in principle, for the statement ‘We will not be silenced’ made by Harsh Mander on September 4, 2020.  We agree with him that the communal riots in Delhi in February 2020 have not been caused by any conspiracy as alleged by the Delhi Police. On the contrary, they have been caused by the hate speech and provocative statements made by a number of political leaders of the ruling party. 

We stand with Harsh Mander, him, Professor Apoorvanand and their fellow activists. Neither their voices nor ours will be silenced as we speak for truth and freedom.  The ringing words of Harsh Mander’s statement, especially those of the last paragraph, bear repetition and have our endorsement: “We declare here – and hope those holding highest office in the country hear us loud and clear – that the government will never succeed in silencing us, and will never succeed in taking away from us the dream we inherited from our freedom struggle, the dream of together building a country which is just, and equal, and kind.”

It has been signed by eminent citizens such as: Admiral (retd.) L. Ramdas, former Chief of Naval Staff; Aruna Roy, Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan (MKSS); Deb Mukharji, IFS (Retd.), former High Commissioner to Bangladesh, CCG;  Dr. Ganesh Devy, civil society organizations and concerned citizens; Githa Hariharan, writer, Indian Cultural Forum.”

The following is the statement made by activist Harsh Mander:

“We will not be silenced

The Delhi Police believes that there was a conspiracy behind the communal violence in Delhi during the third week of February. We agree. But the actual conspiracy was a very different one from the one which Delhi Police is propagating. The truth is that not just the Delhi 2020 carnage; no major episode of communal violence is spontaneous: it is always planned, organised and facilitated.

Such violence requires first the systematic creation of hatred. In Delhi we saw the build-up during the Delhi elections of a climate of hatred spawned by hate speech by senior leaders targeting the protestors against CAA NRC NPR. This was led from the front by the union home minister, the chief minister of Uttar Pradesh and several other cabinet and BJP party leaders. The outcome was the spread of unprecedented levels of toxic communal venom, unmatched in any previous election in Delhi.

But beyond the manufacture of hatred and the organization of the violence, the critical factor in any riot conspiracy is the role of the state, and particularly the police. No riot can go on for more than a few hours except if the government wishes for it to do so.

There is massive evidence of the complicit partisan role of the police in the Delhi violence. I have spent a lot of time with the victim survivors of the Delhi carnage. I have heard hundreds of testimonies from them about the role of the police enabling, encouraging and actually indulging in hate violence.

The video of policemen tormenting four young men lying on the ground, among who Faizan subsequently died, is telling. The police while beating the men prone on the ground are taunting them by asking them to sing the national anthem; it was clear that they are punishing them for the protests, in which the national anthem had become an iconic symbol of the protests, of resistance, of unity and of solidarity.

This was the conspiracy behind the Delhi communal violence. It was a bid by the Indian state, aided by the Delhi police, to punish and crush the largest non-violent protests that independent India has seen.

The police story is quite the opposite. According to them, it was the anti-CAA-NRC-NPR protests which were the conspiracy, and that the non-violence of the protests was only a facade.

In pursuit of this story, every day the Special Branch of the Delhi Police, which normally investigates grave crimes like terror, is busy for the past months summoning mostly young people, and sometimes seniors, grilling them, intimidating them, and sometimes – as Umar Khalid has testified – forcing them create false evidence.

Large numbers of young people are today languishing in prison for months without bail in the name of this so-called conspiracy.

We are gathered here today above all in the defence and solidarity with all of these young people. Yes, they and we did participate in the non-violent movement against CAA NRC NPR, and we are proud to have done so. During the protests some WhatsApp groups were made. Now every word exchanged in these groups is being examined with a defective microscope by the police, their meaning and context deliberately and mischievously misinterpreted, the truth ripped into shreds and reimagined to create the mythology of a conspiracy of hate, violence and insurrection.

There were significantly other WhatsApp groups that the police themselves admit to, wherein indeed people are actively calling for and organizing the violence on those dates. None of these are being the subject to any investigation of a conspiracy.

Our protests, and those of the young people now in our prisons, were to uphold the Constitution, and the idea of an inclusive and humane country of equal citizenship, which is the proudest legacy of our freedom struggle.

The young people and we protested because we love our country dearly, and we seek to make this country better for all its citizens, of every religion, caste, class and gender, by holding the state accountable to stand by its duties to the constitution. It is a travesty to describe this as a crime against the nation. Those who are seeking to create divisions and hate among us are those who are committing crimes against our country.

The objective of the government is transparent; to destroy the basic guarantees and freedoms of our constitution. The effort of the Indian state, facilitated by the Delhi Police, is to crush our voices, our dissent, and our struggles to uphold our constitution.

We declare here – and hope those holding highest office in the country hear us loud and clear – that the government will never succeed in silencing us, and will never succeed in taking away from us the dream we inherited from our freedom struggle, the dream of together building a country which is just, and equal, and kind .”



Northeast Delhi violence: Policeman from ‘national anthem’ video questioned
‘Delhi Police Has No Evidence So It’s Resorting to Fabricated Statements’: Umar 
Why do investigations into the Delhi riots appear to be a conspiracy in itself?



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