Skip to main content
Sabrang
Sabrang

African Countries Mozambique, Nigeria And Niger Have Become A Hotbed Of Islamist Terrorism

West and Southern African countries have become killing fields of ISIS-affiliated terrorist groups and they are getting stronger by the day.

16 Jan 2021

Africa
Nigerian soldiers hold up a Boko Haram flag that they had seized in the recently retaken town of Damasak, Nigeria, on March 18, 2015. Emmanuel Braun/Reuters

 

West and Southern African countries have become killing fields of ISIS-affiliated terrorist groups and they are getting stronger by the day. Though they are active in the region for about a decade, they have bocome more powerful after getting affiliated to the ISIS after 2014. They have carried out mass killings, mass abductions and arson. Their target are not only Christians but also sufi and moderate Muslims who do not approve of their jihadist ideology.

They claim that they want to establish a shariah based Islamic state or caliphate.

The most ruthless group in the region is Boko Haram. It is based in Nigeria but also conducts terrorist attacks in bordering Niger. It opposes elections through voting, wearing trousers and shirts and secular or modern education. It has declared the Nigerian state a government of non-believers. It is important to note that Nigeria has 50-50 population of Muslims and Christians and in 12 of the 36 states of the country where Muslims are in majority, Shariah law has been recognised by the federal government.

The Boko Haram's main activity is mass abductions for ransom. During the last six years it has carried out 15 mass abductions. Three mass abductions of school students were carried out in 2014, 2018 and 2020. In 2014, they abducted 276 school girls from a science school in Chibok and released them after 'negotiations' with the government. Still some of the girls were not released and are still untraced. In 2018, ISWAP (Islamic State of West African Province), a breakaway group of Boko Haram abducted 110 girls from a school in Dapchi on 19 February. It released them after a 'deal' with the government in March. But a Christian girl Leah Sharibu was not released because she did not agree to renounce Christianity. She is still in their custody as a slave.

In December 2020, the Boko Haram abducted more than 300 students from a boys school. They were released after a week following a negotian between them and the government.

It is obvious that mass abductions are a source of income for Boko Haram. The government is weak and cannot control or reign in these terrorist organisations. The army and security forces are ill equipped and have a low morale. This is the reason, Boko Haram carries out mass abductions so easily. The government pays ransom to secure the release of hostages. The government denies this but a report of the UN has revealed that it pays ransom to the terrorists to secure release of histages.

The report submitted to the Security Council revealed that the Nigerian goverrnment paid ransom to secure the release of Dapchi girls. This has emboldened the Boko Haram to carry out more mass abductions.

The most unfortunate part of these deals are that even after getting their demands fulfilled, they don't release all the captives and the government is so helpless that it can't do anything. Some girls abducted from Chibok are still in their captivity and are being treated as slaves.

Aparr from abductions, these terrorist organisations carry out mass killings of Christians and moderate Muslims opposing their ideology. Since 2009, they have killed more than 32000 people in Nigeria. In 2020 alone, 11500 Christians have been killed by Boko Haram. They destroyed and burned churches, houses and schools.

Mozambique is another African country where the terrorist outfits, mainly Al Shabab is active against the Majority Christians. In Mozambique, the majority Christian population is 57% while the Muslims account for 19% of the population. The Muslims form a majority in Cabo Delgado province. It is in this province that the terrorists are active. Christians are more aften targetted by them. On November 10, last year, the militants killed more than 50 Christians. The insurgency has intensified in this country since 2017. More than 3000 people have been killed during the last three years. In 2020 alone, they carried out more than 300 attacks in northern Mozambique. Due to this, hundreds of thousands of people had to flee the region. 40 people drowned in Ibo river while fleeing.

Though the country is rich in gas and minerals, there is a largescale resentment against the government because the people of the mineral rich region feel that the benefit of development does not reach them. Poverty and unemployment are used by the militant outfits to recruit the youth. They promise them that once the Shariah ruled state is established, their misery and unemployment will be removed.

Niger bordering Nigeria also reels under the terrorist violence unleashed by the Boko Haram and other militant groups affiliated to the ISIS. The country is predominantly Muslim but the militant organisations want to establish their version of Shariah there. Hence the violence and killing.

On December 14, 2020 the Boko Haram militants killed 34 Christians in Diffa town.

The rise of ISIS after 2014 has provided a shot in the arm of the militant organisations in the African Muslim majoritg countries. These militant outfits that thrived on human trafficking, drug smuggling and aductions for ranson joined rhe ISIS to justify their un-Islamic activities. By joining the ISIS they at once became a part of an international organisation. They are supported by the ISIS whenever they need it and also they present themselves as flagbearers of Caliphate movement.

The hardline and conservative religious teachings in madrasas in these countries and sermons in mosques by the hardline ulema have also contributed to the jihadi mindset of Muslims. The majority of clerics of African countries are educated and trained in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Qatar and therefore have a conservative and fundamental approach to Islam as compared to the sufi and moderate outlook of Sufi stream of Islam of Swahili areas.

While Al Qaida thrived on anti-America rhetoric, the ISIS thrives on Caliphate rhetoric. Until the myth of caliphate is removed from the Muslim psyche, the terrorist groups will continue to grow and succeed in their plans.

-------

S. Arshad is a columnist with NewAgeIslam.com

This article was first published on NewAgeIslam.com

African Countries Mozambique, Nigeria And Niger Have Become A Hotbed Of Islamist Terrorism

West and Southern African countries have become killing fields of ISIS-affiliated terrorist groups and they are getting stronger by the day.

Africa
Nigerian soldiers hold up a Boko Haram flag that they had seized in the recently retaken town of Damasak, Nigeria, on March 18, 2015. Emmanuel Braun/Reuters

 

West and Southern African countries have become killing fields of ISIS-affiliated terrorist groups and they are getting stronger by the day. Though they are active in the region for about a decade, they have bocome more powerful after getting affiliated to the ISIS after 2014. They have carried out mass killings, mass abductions and arson. Their target are not only Christians but also sufi and moderate Muslims who do not approve of their jihadist ideology.

They claim that they want to establish a shariah based Islamic state or caliphate.

The most ruthless group in the region is Boko Haram. It is based in Nigeria but also conducts terrorist attacks in bordering Niger. It opposes elections through voting, wearing trousers and shirts and secular or modern education. It has declared the Nigerian state a government of non-believers. It is important to note that Nigeria has 50-50 population of Muslims and Christians and in 12 of the 36 states of the country where Muslims are in majority, Shariah law has been recognised by the federal government.

The Boko Haram's main activity is mass abductions for ransom. During the last six years it has carried out 15 mass abductions. Three mass abductions of school students were carried out in 2014, 2018 and 2020. In 2014, they abducted 276 school girls from a science school in Chibok and released them after 'negotiations' with the government. Still some of the girls were not released and are still untraced. In 2018, ISWAP (Islamic State of West African Province), a breakaway group of Boko Haram abducted 110 girls from a school in Dapchi on 19 February. It released them after a 'deal' with the government in March. But a Christian girl Leah Sharibu was not released because she did not agree to renounce Christianity. She is still in their custody as a slave.

In December 2020, the Boko Haram abducted more than 300 students from a boys school. They were released after a week following a negotian between them and the government.

It is obvious that mass abductions are a source of income for Boko Haram. The government is weak and cannot control or reign in these terrorist organisations. The army and security forces are ill equipped and have a low morale. This is the reason, Boko Haram carries out mass abductions so easily. The government pays ransom to secure the release of hostages. The government denies this but a report of the UN has revealed that it pays ransom to the terrorists to secure release of histages.

The report submitted to the Security Council revealed that the Nigerian goverrnment paid ransom to secure the release of Dapchi girls. This has emboldened the Boko Haram to carry out more mass abductions.

The most unfortunate part of these deals are that even after getting their demands fulfilled, they don't release all the captives and the government is so helpless that it can't do anything. Some girls abducted from Chibok are still in their captivity and are being treated as slaves.

Aparr from abductions, these terrorist organisations carry out mass killings of Christians and moderate Muslims opposing their ideology. Since 2009, they have killed more than 32000 people in Nigeria. In 2020 alone, 11500 Christians have been killed by Boko Haram. They destroyed and burned churches, houses and schools.

Mozambique is another African country where the terrorist outfits, mainly Al Shabab is active against the Majority Christians. In Mozambique, the majority Christian population is 57% while the Muslims account for 19% of the population. The Muslims form a majority in Cabo Delgado province. It is in this province that the terrorists are active. Christians are more aften targetted by them. On November 10, last year, the militants killed more than 50 Christians. The insurgency has intensified in this country since 2017. More than 3000 people have been killed during the last three years. In 2020 alone, they carried out more than 300 attacks in northern Mozambique. Due to this, hundreds of thousands of people had to flee the region. 40 people drowned in Ibo river while fleeing.

Though the country is rich in gas and minerals, there is a largescale resentment against the government because the people of the mineral rich region feel that the benefit of development does not reach them. Poverty and unemployment are used by the militant outfits to recruit the youth. They promise them that once the Shariah ruled state is established, their misery and unemployment will be removed.

Niger bordering Nigeria also reels under the terrorist violence unleashed by the Boko Haram and other militant groups affiliated to the ISIS. The country is predominantly Muslim but the militant organisations want to establish their version of Shariah there. Hence the violence and killing.

On December 14, 2020 the Boko Haram militants killed 34 Christians in Diffa town.

The rise of ISIS after 2014 has provided a shot in the arm of the militant organisations in the African Muslim majoritg countries. These militant outfits that thrived on human trafficking, drug smuggling and aductions for ranson joined rhe ISIS to justify their un-Islamic activities. By joining the ISIS they at once became a part of an international organisation. They are supported by the ISIS whenever they need it and also they present themselves as flagbearers of Caliphate movement.

The hardline and conservative religious teachings in madrasas in these countries and sermons in mosques by the hardline ulema have also contributed to the jihadi mindset of Muslims. The majority of clerics of African countries are educated and trained in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Qatar and therefore have a conservative and fundamental approach to Islam as compared to the sufi and moderate outlook of Sufi stream of Islam of Swahili areas.

While Al Qaida thrived on anti-America rhetoric, the ISIS thrives on Caliphate rhetoric. Until the myth of caliphate is removed from the Muslim psyche, the terrorist groups will continue to grow and succeed in their plans.

-------

S. Arshad is a columnist with NewAgeIslam.com

This article was first published on NewAgeIslam.com

Related Articles


Theme

Campaigns

Videos

Archives

IN FACT

Podcasts

Podcasts

Podcasts

Analysis

Archives

Podcasts

Sabrang

Take action against 'Swami' for hate speech: Subhashini Ali to UP Police

In the video surfacing on social media, Swami Anand Swaroop  has made objectionable remarks against Quran and calls for forming a Hindu Sena

16 Jan 2021

Sankaracharya Parishad leader Swami Anand Swaroop
Image: swamianandswaroop.com
 

Subhashini Ali, former Lok Sabha MP and Politburo member of Communist Party of India (Marxist) has complained to the Director General of Police (DGP) of Uttar Pradesh against hate speech made by Sankaracharya Parishad leader Swami Anand Swaroop. The 'Swami' had made objectionable remarks against the Quran in a video that went viral on social media.

In the video, he can be seen speaking at an event called Hindu Panchayat held at Chaudhary Charan Singh University’s auditorium. In the video he has said, “One who reads the Quran becomes a beast, they are no longer human. We should ask the Muslims that if they have to remain associated with us, first and foremost they should stop reading the Quran, stop offering namaz. We cannot say anything to them because even today, the Constitution is the rule of law. You should take it upon yourself that you will not buy anything from a Muslim. If you destroy them socially, politically and economically, they will begin converting to Hinduism.” He further said, “We want an army of one crore Hindu youth. We don’t need swayamsevak, we need a swayam-sena now. Pick up swords, guns or whatever you have, war has been declared and it will go on till we have a Hindu rashtra.”

The video can be viewed here: https://twitter.com/imMAK02/status/1348650615623192578?s=20

In the complaint, Ali, while referring to freedom of conscience and right to practice religion, states that it is “completely in contravention of these constitutional provisions for anyone to encourage any group of people to coerce members of a community into changing their religion."

While taking note that Meerut police is investigating the case and FIR has not yet been filed Ali writes, “Prima facie, Swami Anand Swaroop must be charged under section 153(A) and Section 295(A) and all other laws that prohibit ‘hate speech’ in our country.”

She writes that the police must intervene and take appropriate action against Swami Anand Swaroop and that she expects a response within a week failing which “I will be free to take recourse for whatever remedy the law provides”.

University authorities denied any involvement with the event. “The university was only the location where it was held. We had no role in the event or regarding its topic. We merely gave the space,” said N K Taneja, V-C of the university told Indian Express. Meerut police are known to have started an investigation into the matter. “We have had a conversation with the university officials. But so far they have not filed a complaint. The comments were highlighted on social media. We have directed the Cyber Cell to investigate the matter,” Akhilesh N Singh, SP City Meerut told IE.

 

Related:

Love Jihad, Conversions and Laws curbing Freedoms

Muslim man asked about "origin", beaten up in Ahmedabad

Hate speech quadrupled, cattle vigilantism doubled in Karnataka in 2020!

Take action against 'Swami' for hate speech: Subhashini Ali to UP Police

In the video surfacing on social media, Swami Anand Swaroop  has made objectionable remarks against Quran and calls for forming a Hindu Sena

Sankaracharya Parishad leader Swami Anand Swaroop
Image: swamianandswaroop.com
 

Subhashini Ali, former Lok Sabha MP and Politburo member of Communist Party of India (Marxist) has complained to the Director General of Police (DGP) of Uttar Pradesh against hate speech made by Sankaracharya Parishad leader Swami Anand Swaroop. The 'Swami' had made objectionable remarks against the Quran in a video that went viral on social media.

In the video, he can be seen speaking at an event called Hindu Panchayat held at Chaudhary Charan Singh University’s auditorium. In the video he has said, “One who reads the Quran becomes a beast, they are no longer human. We should ask the Muslims that if they have to remain associated with us, first and foremost they should stop reading the Quran, stop offering namaz. We cannot say anything to them because even today, the Constitution is the rule of law. You should take it upon yourself that you will not buy anything from a Muslim. If you destroy them socially, politically and economically, they will begin converting to Hinduism.” He further said, “We want an army of one crore Hindu youth. We don’t need swayamsevak, we need a swayam-sena now. Pick up swords, guns or whatever you have, war has been declared and it will go on till we have a Hindu rashtra.”

The video can be viewed here: https://twitter.com/imMAK02/status/1348650615623192578?s=20

In the complaint, Ali, while referring to freedom of conscience and right to practice religion, states that it is “completely in contravention of these constitutional provisions for anyone to encourage any group of people to coerce members of a community into changing their religion."

While taking note that Meerut police is investigating the case and FIR has not yet been filed Ali writes, “Prima facie, Swami Anand Swaroop must be charged under section 153(A) and Section 295(A) and all other laws that prohibit ‘hate speech’ in our country.”

She writes that the police must intervene and take appropriate action against Swami Anand Swaroop and that she expects a response within a week failing which “I will be free to take recourse for whatever remedy the law provides”.

University authorities denied any involvement with the event. “The university was only the location where it was held. We had no role in the event or regarding its topic. We merely gave the space,” said N K Taneja, V-C of the university told Indian Express. Meerut police are known to have started an investigation into the matter. “We have had a conversation with the university officials. But so far they have not filed a complaint. The comments were highlighted on social media. We have directed the Cyber Cell to investigate the matter,” Akhilesh N Singh, SP City Meerut told IE.

 

Related:

Love Jihad, Conversions and Laws curbing Freedoms

Muslim man asked about "origin", beaten up in Ahmedabad

Hate speech quadrupled, cattle vigilantism doubled in Karnataka in 2020!

Related Articles


Theme

Campaigns

Videos

Archives

IN FACT

Podcasts

Podcasts

Podcasts

Analysis

Archives

Podcasts

Sabrang

Violence against Christians continued unabated during Covid-19 lockdown: Report

Religious Liberty Commission’s annual report finds UP, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, MP and Tamil Nadu as states with worst records

14 Jan 2021

attack on christians

A report titled Hate and Targeted Violence against Christians in India has found that attacks on India’s Christian minority population continued, and in fact grew during the Covid-19 induced national lockdown.

The yearly report for 2020 by the Religious Liberty Commission of the Evangelical Foundation of India mentions the atmosphere of hate for religious minorities and says, “While Muslims were the main targets, Christians, especially pastors in rural areas of several states across the country, were victims of violence, their congregational prayers disturbed, and places of worship attacked. Political excoriation, police impunity, and vigilante groups on their trail, marked the experience of many Christian communities in several parts of the country at the height of the Covid-19 spread.”

It further says, “The EFI Religious Liberty Commission and other Christian agencies including a national Helpline co-founded by the EFI five years ago, documented 327 cases, in which at least five people lost their lives, at least six Churches were burnt or demolished, and 26 incidents of social boycott were recorded. This is by no means an exhaustive list of incidents, many of which remain mostly unreported and unrecorded even in normal years because of the fear of victims of further atrocities if they stand up to their tormentors, and the victims in the rural settings, in particular, are hesitant or outright refuse to register cases of religious persecution because of fear.”

Further expressing solidarity with Muslims as well as Hindu women who have all but been stripped of their agency in wake of the passage of draconian religion related laws, the report says, “The most alarming development has been the expansion and scope of the notorious Freedom of Religion Acts, which are popularly known as the anti-conversion laws, earlier enforced in 7 states, to many more states ruled by the Bharatiya Janata Party. Once targeting only Christians, they are now armed also against Muslims in the guise of curbing 'Love Jihad'. This is an Islamophobic term coined some years ago to demonise marriages between Muslim men and non-Muslim women, 1 particularly those belonging to the Hindu upper castes.”

It adds, “The laws ostensibly punish forced or fraudulent religious conversions. But in practice, they are used to criminalise all conversions, especially in non-urban settings. The laws also take away all agency from Hindu women, rejecting or controlling their free will, and leaving them at the mercy of the patriarchy, further strengthen by political patronage and encouragement. Rulings by High Courts that adult men and women have the freedom to choose their partners have had no impact.”

The report also raises concerns about the openly anti-minority agenda of a majoritarian government saying, “Christian activists fear that the expanding footprint of the anti-conversion laws bring a step closer the BJP's manifesto promising a nation-wide law to check evangelisation by "missionaries", a term designed to impute western conspiracy to Christianise Dalits, Tribals and others in rural areas, small towns and urban slums. This, together with the accusation of Islamic population explosion because of the high birth rate, feeds the orchestrated rhetoric that the Hindu population will become a minority which underpins electoral propaganda in India.”

States with worst records of violence against Christians

The report then goes on to list Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Tamil Nadu as some of the states from where most cases of violence against Christians have been reported. It says, “Uttar Pradesh once again heads the list of regions where the Christian minority has been targeted the most. RLC registered 95 incidents against the Christian community in the state in 2020.”

The report says UP is followed by Chhattisgarh with 55 incidents, most taking place in the tribal region of Bastar, now saturated by volunteers from Hindu right-wing organizations posted to “counter Christian influence”. The report says, “In fact, there is a well-planned political campaign by these groups to 'Hindutvaize' tribal society. In Chhattisgarh, as in contiguous tribal regions, these groups face almost no political challenge.” It reminds that, “The Church has been present in the state and in the region for the last 200 years.”

The report further says, “The push of the Hindu Right wing in Jharkhand is ominously similar to that of Chhattisgarh and has resulted in violence and social boycott of the Christians. Jharkhand and Madhya Pradesh registered 28 and 25 incidents, respectively.”

Shedding light on how the political party in power determines how well or poorly its minorities are treated, the report says, “In Madhya Pradesh, all the incidents took place from the months of March till December and no incidents were recorded in the first two months. Incidentally, it was in March that the BJP wrested power from the Congress in the state. Majority of the incidents in the state happened in the last four months of the year.”

It goes on to say, “Tamil Nadu in south India had 23 incidents. The state had the second largest number of cases in 2019, registering 60 incidents of some sort of violent action against the Christian community. It is the fifth highest in 2020.”

The entire report may be read here: 

 

Related:

They abused us, asked us to worship their idols: Christians attacked in UP

Environment of targeted hate and violence against Christians: Report

Violence against Christians continued unabated during Covid-19 lockdown: Report

Religious Liberty Commission’s annual report finds UP, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, MP and Tamil Nadu as states with worst records

attack on christians

A report titled Hate and Targeted Violence against Christians in India has found that attacks on India’s Christian minority population continued, and in fact grew during the Covid-19 induced national lockdown.

The yearly report for 2020 by the Religious Liberty Commission of the Evangelical Foundation of India mentions the atmosphere of hate for religious minorities and says, “While Muslims were the main targets, Christians, especially pastors in rural areas of several states across the country, were victims of violence, their congregational prayers disturbed, and places of worship attacked. Political excoriation, police impunity, and vigilante groups on their trail, marked the experience of many Christian communities in several parts of the country at the height of the Covid-19 spread.”

It further says, “The EFI Religious Liberty Commission and other Christian agencies including a national Helpline co-founded by the EFI five years ago, documented 327 cases, in which at least five people lost their lives, at least six Churches were burnt or demolished, and 26 incidents of social boycott were recorded. This is by no means an exhaustive list of incidents, many of which remain mostly unreported and unrecorded even in normal years because of the fear of victims of further atrocities if they stand up to their tormentors, and the victims in the rural settings, in particular, are hesitant or outright refuse to register cases of religious persecution because of fear.”

Further expressing solidarity with Muslims as well as Hindu women who have all but been stripped of their agency in wake of the passage of draconian religion related laws, the report says, “The most alarming development has been the expansion and scope of the notorious Freedom of Religion Acts, which are popularly known as the anti-conversion laws, earlier enforced in 7 states, to many more states ruled by the Bharatiya Janata Party. Once targeting only Christians, they are now armed also against Muslims in the guise of curbing 'Love Jihad'. This is an Islamophobic term coined some years ago to demonise marriages between Muslim men and non-Muslim women, 1 particularly those belonging to the Hindu upper castes.”

It adds, “The laws ostensibly punish forced or fraudulent religious conversions. But in practice, they are used to criminalise all conversions, especially in non-urban settings. The laws also take away all agency from Hindu women, rejecting or controlling their free will, and leaving them at the mercy of the patriarchy, further strengthen by political patronage and encouragement. Rulings by High Courts that adult men and women have the freedom to choose their partners have had no impact.”

The report also raises concerns about the openly anti-minority agenda of a majoritarian government saying, “Christian activists fear that the expanding footprint of the anti-conversion laws bring a step closer the BJP's manifesto promising a nation-wide law to check evangelisation by "missionaries", a term designed to impute western conspiracy to Christianise Dalits, Tribals and others in rural areas, small towns and urban slums. This, together with the accusation of Islamic population explosion because of the high birth rate, feeds the orchestrated rhetoric that the Hindu population will become a minority which underpins electoral propaganda in India.”

States with worst records of violence against Christians

The report then goes on to list Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Tamil Nadu as some of the states from where most cases of violence against Christians have been reported. It says, “Uttar Pradesh once again heads the list of regions where the Christian minority has been targeted the most. RLC registered 95 incidents against the Christian community in the state in 2020.”

The report says UP is followed by Chhattisgarh with 55 incidents, most taking place in the tribal region of Bastar, now saturated by volunteers from Hindu right-wing organizations posted to “counter Christian influence”. The report says, “In fact, there is a well-planned political campaign by these groups to 'Hindutvaize' tribal society. In Chhattisgarh, as in contiguous tribal regions, these groups face almost no political challenge.” It reminds that, “The Church has been present in the state and in the region for the last 200 years.”

The report further says, “The push of the Hindu Right wing in Jharkhand is ominously similar to that of Chhattisgarh and has resulted in violence and social boycott of the Christians. Jharkhand and Madhya Pradesh registered 28 and 25 incidents, respectively.”

Shedding light on how the political party in power determines how well or poorly its minorities are treated, the report says, “In Madhya Pradesh, all the incidents took place from the months of March till December and no incidents were recorded in the first two months. Incidentally, it was in March that the BJP wrested power from the Congress in the state. Majority of the incidents in the state happened in the last four months of the year.”

It goes on to say, “Tamil Nadu in south India had 23 incidents. The state had the second largest number of cases in 2019, registering 60 incidents of some sort of violent action against the Christian community. It is the fifth highest in 2020.”

The entire report may be read here: 

 

Related:

They abused us, asked us to worship their idols: Christians attacked in UP

Environment of targeted hate and violence against Christians: Report

Related Articles


Theme

Campaigns

Videos

Archives

IN FACT

Podcasts

Podcasts

Podcasts

Analysis

Archives

Podcasts

Sabrang

Love Jihad, Conversions and Laws curbing Freedoms

The new laws have goals which are sinister and have the potential of being misused to create social disharmony

14 Jan 2021

Love Jihad

Uttar Pradesh Prohibition of Unlawful Conversion of Religion Ordinance 2020, passed by UP on November 27, 2020, has set the ball rolling. On one hand many other BJP ruled states like MP and Haryana are activating their machinery to bring in similar law in their states, and on the other, at social level, many interfaith couples are being subjected to harassment, some of the Muslim men in particular are being put behind the bars. This law has intentions which are out and out communal as already since the 1960s there have been anti-conversion laws. The new laws have goals which are sinister and have the potential of being misused to create social disharmony.

While the ordinance does not use the term 'love jihad', the foot-soldiers of the Hindutva nationalist politics are out in the open with apprehending Muslim man-Hindu girl couples, and subjecting them to increasing degrees of torture. In Northern states the phenomenon of intimidation and violence against such couples, the Muslim men in particular is surging. Gradually more couples are being brought into the spiral of moral policing and intimidations. 

The worst part of the process is that those taking the laws into their hands enjoy impunity and are becoming bolder in creating a divisive atmosphere in the society and pushing back the minority Muslim community into submission and marginalisation. At the same time these are putting pressure on Hindu girls and restricting their mobility and freedom.

This time two issues are being rolled into one. The fear of conversions away from Hinduism is being linked to Hindu girls having relationship with Muslim boys. At one level interfaith and inter caste relationships are natural in an open society, where people from different castes/religion interact at various levels.  

Dislike for interfaith marriages was put bluntly by the UP Chief minister Adityanath Yogi, who citing a recent ruling of the Allahabad High Court which said religious conversion for the sake of marriage is unacceptable, warned that those waging “love jihad” should mend their ways or be prepared for their last journey — “Ram naam satya hai ki yatra nikalne waali hai”. (The slogan recited in the funeral processions) The instructions have also been passed down that parents should keep a watch on their daughters.

The new law brought in by the UP Government needs to be questioned in the courts as it is an outright attack on different clauses of the Constitution, which gives us the freedom to choose, practice and propagate our faith and other provisions giving us liberty to choose our life partner. This present law (UP and possibly in other states) aims to popularise that Hindu culture is under threat, Hindu girls are vulnerable and Hindu males have to act as their protectors. While the ordinance does not mention the word 'love jihad', the background and the statements of the top leaders of Hindu nationalism and the actions of vigilantes makes it clear that it is an outright attempt to target the inter faith marriages, especially when the groom is a Muslim. The accusation is that after such marriages the Hindu girl is unable to practice her religion in her marital home and is forced to convert.

Such cases of interfaith marriages are few and far between in this large country of ours’. In more democratised countries interfaith marriages are on the rise, close to becoming the social norm. Also Muslim girl - Hindu boy cases are fewer in number, and in the present scenario even the Hindu boy (Ankit Saxena) has to face the wrath of the parents of the girl. The Trinamool Congress MP Nusrat Jahan was also trolled for her choice to marry a Hindu. But overall the hue and cry, the target is the Muslim boy.

In Maharashtra, a group “Hindu Rakshak Samiti” has been claiming to save Hindu religion by breaking up the Hindu Muslim couples, if the girl happens to be a Hindu. A booklet in Marathi on Love Jihad shows a Muslim boy riding a motor-bike, with a Hindu girl riding pillion. In case of a Muslim girl marrying a Hindu and converting is presented as Ghar Wapasi (return home) so is not attacked by Hindu vigilante groups. The police investigation mostly showed that there is no such phenomenon as Love Jihad. The organisational promotion of such marriages is a hoax but has become part of social understanding.

Why are there such and opposition to inter faith marriage? Is it a plan by Muslims to lure Hindu girls, marry and convert them? This is a make believe propaganda. As such it is an attempt to paint the Muslim men doing it deliberately under a plan! What is missed out in the whole scheme of things is that here, in this assertive aggressive propaganda and violence the agency of Hindu girls/women is reduced to zero. Hindu girls are presented as being gullible and without any will or decision making power of their own. While Muslim men are presented as a threat to Hinduism and the Hindu girls are presented as being without any mind of their own. The advice being given to parents to keep a watch on the movements of their daughters and their contacts is a mechanism to control the lives of girls.

All sectarian nationalist ideologies are strongly patriarchal and so the woman has to be under the control of men as ‘their property’. Patriarchal values and nationalism under the wraps of religion go hand in hand. With Independence and implementation of Indian Constitution this journey takes a good leap and we can see the women as their own selves coming to all the spheres of Indian social, educational and political life of the country. This is a matter of discomfiture to those who pay lip service to values of equality and eulogise the ancient holy texts, which give subordinate place to women.

Hope the judiciary is able to restrain the state governments in withdrawing these laws which are oppressive. The interfaith amity needs to be promoted at all the levels.

* The writer is a human rights defender and a former professor at the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay (IIT Bombay). 

 

Other pieces by Dr. Puniyani:

Bid Curb Inter-faith marriages: Ruse to Restrict Women’s Freedom

Charlie Hebdo Cartoons and Blasphemy Laws in Contemporary Times

Was Mughal Rule the period of India’s Slavery?

Kashi- Mathura: Will temple politics be revived?

Scapegoats and Holy Cows

Freedom of Religion: Indian Scenario

Love Jihad, Conversions and Laws curbing Freedoms

The new laws have goals which are sinister and have the potential of being misused to create social disharmony

Love Jihad

Uttar Pradesh Prohibition of Unlawful Conversion of Religion Ordinance 2020, passed by UP on November 27, 2020, has set the ball rolling. On one hand many other BJP ruled states like MP and Haryana are activating their machinery to bring in similar law in their states, and on the other, at social level, many interfaith couples are being subjected to harassment, some of the Muslim men in particular are being put behind the bars. This law has intentions which are out and out communal as already since the 1960s there have been anti-conversion laws. The new laws have goals which are sinister and have the potential of being misused to create social disharmony.

While the ordinance does not use the term 'love jihad', the foot-soldiers of the Hindutva nationalist politics are out in the open with apprehending Muslim man-Hindu girl couples, and subjecting them to increasing degrees of torture. In Northern states the phenomenon of intimidation and violence against such couples, the Muslim men in particular is surging. Gradually more couples are being brought into the spiral of moral policing and intimidations. 

The worst part of the process is that those taking the laws into their hands enjoy impunity and are becoming bolder in creating a divisive atmosphere in the society and pushing back the minority Muslim community into submission and marginalisation. At the same time these are putting pressure on Hindu girls and restricting their mobility and freedom.

This time two issues are being rolled into one. The fear of conversions away from Hinduism is being linked to Hindu girls having relationship with Muslim boys. At one level interfaith and inter caste relationships are natural in an open society, where people from different castes/religion interact at various levels.  

Dislike for interfaith marriages was put bluntly by the UP Chief minister Adityanath Yogi, who citing a recent ruling of the Allahabad High Court which said religious conversion for the sake of marriage is unacceptable, warned that those waging “love jihad” should mend their ways or be prepared for their last journey — “Ram naam satya hai ki yatra nikalne waali hai”. (The slogan recited in the funeral processions) The instructions have also been passed down that parents should keep a watch on their daughters.

The new law brought in by the UP Government needs to be questioned in the courts as it is an outright attack on different clauses of the Constitution, which gives us the freedom to choose, practice and propagate our faith and other provisions giving us liberty to choose our life partner. This present law (UP and possibly in other states) aims to popularise that Hindu culture is under threat, Hindu girls are vulnerable and Hindu males have to act as their protectors. While the ordinance does not mention the word 'love jihad', the background and the statements of the top leaders of Hindu nationalism and the actions of vigilantes makes it clear that it is an outright attempt to target the inter faith marriages, especially when the groom is a Muslim. The accusation is that after such marriages the Hindu girl is unable to practice her religion in her marital home and is forced to convert.

Such cases of interfaith marriages are few and far between in this large country of ours’. In more democratised countries interfaith marriages are on the rise, close to becoming the social norm. Also Muslim girl - Hindu boy cases are fewer in number, and in the present scenario even the Hindu boy (Ankit Saxena) has to face the wrath of the parents of the girl. The Trinamool Congress MP Nusrat Jahan was also trolled for her choice to marry a Hindu. But overall the hue and cry, the target is the Muslim boy.

In Maharashtra, a group “Hindu Rakshak Samiti” has been claiming to save Hindu religion by breaking up the Hindu Muslim couples, if the girl happens to be a Hindu. A booklet in Marathi on Love Jihad shows a Muslim boy riding a motor-bike, with a Hindu girl riding pillion. In case of a Muslim girl marrying a Hindu and converting is presented as Ghar Wapasi (return home) so is not attacked by Hindu vigilante groups. The police investigation mostly showed that there is no such phenomenon as Love Jihad. The organisational promotion of such marriages is a hoax but has become part of social understanding.

Why are there such and opposition to inter faith marriage? Is it a plan by Muslims to lure Hindu girls, marry and convert them? This is a make believe propaganda. As such it is an attempt to paint the Muslim men doing it deliberately under a plan! What is missed out in the whole scheme of things is that here, in this assertive aggressive propaganda and violence the agency of Hindu girls/women is reduced to zero. Hindu girls are presented as being gullible and without any will or decision making power of their own. While Muslim men are presented as a threat to Hinduism and the Hindu girls are presented as being without any mind of their own. The advice being given to parents to keep a watch on the movements of their daughters and their contacts is a mechanism to control the lives of girls.

All sectarian nationalist ideologies are strongly patriarchal and so the woman has to be under the control of men as ‘their property’. Patriarchal values and nationalism under the wraps of religion go hand in hand. With Independence and implementation of Indian Constitution this journey takes a good leap and we can see the women as their own selves coming to all the spheres of Indian social, educational and political life of the country. This is a matter of discomfiture to those who pay lip service to values of equality and eulogise the ancient holy texts, which give subordinate place to women.

Hope the judiciary is able to restrain the state governments in withdrawing these laws which are oppressive. The interfaith amity needs to be promoted at all the levels.

* The writer is a human rights defender and a former professor at the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay (IIT Bombay). 

 

Other pieces by Dr. Puniyani:

Bid Curb Inter-faith marriages: Ruse to Restrict Women’s Freedom

Charlie Hebdo Cartoons and Blasphemy Laws in Contemporary Times

Was Mughal Rule the period of India’s Slavery?

Kashi- Mathura: Will temple politics be revived?

Scapegoats and Holy Cows

Freedom of Religion: Indian Scenario

Related Articles


Theme

Campaigns

Videos

Archives

IN FACT

Podcasts

Podcasts

Podcasts

Analysis

Archives

Podcasts

Sabrang

Notice publication of marriage under Special Marriage Act violates privacy: Allahabad HC

The court has noted that the provisions mandating publication and inviting objections to the marriage is mere directory in nature

13 Jan 2021

Special Marriage Act

In a landmark ruling by our constitutional court, Justice Vivek Chaudhary of the Allahabad High Court has held that the requirement of publication of notice of intended marriage under Section 6 and entertaining objections under Section 7 of the Special Marriage Act is not mandatory.

Section 6 empowers the Marriage Officer to keep records of such notices of intended marriage and section 7 permits any third party to object to a marriage under the Special Marriage Act. The court held, “The requirement of publication of notice under Section 6 and inviting/entertaining objections under Section 7 can only be read as directory in nature, to be given effect only on request of parties to the intended marriage and not otherwise.”

Further, while giving notice under Section 5 of the Special Marriage Act, the court observed that “it shall be optional for the parties to the intended marriage to make a request in writing to the Marriage Officer to publish or not to publish a notice under Section 6 and follow the procedure of objections as prescribed under the Act of 1954."

The court added that, in case they do not make such a request for publication of notice in writing, while giving notice under Section 5 of the Act, the Marriage Officer shall not publish any such notice or entertain objections to the intended marriage and proceed with the solemnization of the marriage. 

“However, it shall be open for the Marriage Officer, while solemnizing any marriage under the Act of 1954, to verify the identification, age and valid consent of the parties or otherwise their competence to marry under the said Act. In case he has any doubt, it shall be open for him to ask for appropriate details/proof as per the facts of the case”, Justice Vivek observed.

Background

The court was hearing a habeas corpus petition of a married couple, originally of different faiths where the Muslim woman converted to Hinduism and married her Hindu husband under Hindu personal laws. However, her father was not allowing her to live with her husband despite both of them being adults, duly married with their free will.

The young couple expressed to the court that they could have solemnised their marriage under the Special Marriage Act, 1954 but the said Act requires a 30 days’ notice to be published and objections to be invited from the public at large that would be an invasion in their privacy and definitely caused unnecessary social pressure/interference in their free choice with regard to their marriage.  

The Court further took note that this was an issue affecting a large number of similarly situated persons who desired to build a life with a partner of their own choice. Further, it was submitted that the issue would become more critical with the notification of the Uttar Pradesh Prohibition of Unlawful Conversion of Religion Ordinance, 2020, which prohibits conversion of religion by marriage.

It was further submitted through the petitioners that such young couples are not in a position to raise these issues in court either, as litigation would further attract unnecessary attention which would invade their privacy and cause unnecessary social pressure.

So, the court regarded the issue of “whether the social conditions and the law, as has progressed since passing of Act of 1872 and thereafter Act of 1954 till now, would in any manner impact the interpretation of Sections 5, 6 and 7 of the Act of 1954 and whether with change the said sections no more remain mandatory in nature?”

The court cited a catena of judicial pronouncements on the issue of adults' right to choose a partner, privacy, free will and consent. Justice Chaudhary also referred to the reports of the Law Commission of India and the development of law till the enactment of Special Marriage Act. He noted that it would be “cruel and unethical” to force the present generation living with its current needs and expectations to follow the customs and traditions adopted by a generation living nearly 150 years back for its social needs and circumstances, which violates fundamental rights recognized by the courts of the day.

Paying heed to the actual provisions of the Special Marriage Act, the Single Bench of the Allahabad High Court observed that, “The interpretation of Sections 6 and 7 read with Section 46 containing the procedure of publication of notice and inviting objections to the intended marriage in Act of 1954 thus has to be such that would uphold the fundamental rights and not violate the same. In case the same on their simplistic reading are held mandatory, as per the law declared today, they would invade the fundamental rights of liberty and privacy, including within its sphere freedom to choose for marriage without interference from state and non-state actors, or the persons concerned.”

The court noted the blatant discrimination between marriages under the Special Marriage Act and marriages under personal laws, as for the former a public notice is a prerequisite whereas in the latter there is no such requirement before solemnisation of marriage. He reportedly said, “There is no apparent reasonable purpose achieved by making the procedure to be more protective or obstructive under the Act of 1954 (Special Marriage Act), under which much less numbers of marriages are taking place, than procedure under the other personal laws, more particularly when this discrimination violates the fundamental rights of the class of persons adopting the Act of 1954 for their marriage.”

The Court added that even if there is violation of any legal condition in a marriage entered under the Special Marriage Act, the same legal consequences would follow as it would in such a marriage solemnised under personal laws i.e., “the courts can decide upon the same, including declare such a marriage to be void, as they do under the personal laws.”

While referring to landmark Supreme Court judgments of Puttaswamy that upholds privacy as one of the most important rights to be protected both against State and non-State actors and Shafin Jahan that empowers adults to choose their own partners without social approval, Justice Vivek Chaudhary observed that there is a long chain of decisions “growing stronger with time and firmly establishing personal liberty and privacy to be fundamental rights including within their sphere right to choose partner without interference from State, family or society.”

Finally, the court directed the Senior Registrar of this Court to ensure that a copy of this order is communicated to the Chief Secretary of the State of Uttar Pradesh who shall “forthwith communicate the same to all the Marriage Officers of the State and other concerned authorities as expeditiously as possible.”

The judgment may be read here:

 

Related:

CJP moves SC against “Love Jihad” laws

Allahabad HC protects man booked under UP 'love jihad' law

UP’s tryst with Love Jihad: The Ordinance and Constitutionality

Notice publication of marriage under Special Marriage Act violates privacy: Allahabad HC

The court has noted that the provisions mandating publication and inviting objections to the marriage is mere directory in nature

Special Marriage Act

In a landmark ruling by our constitutional court, Justice Vivek Chaudhary of the Allahabad High Court has held that the requirement of publication of notice of intended marriage under Section 6 and entertaining objections under Section 7 of the Special Marriage Act is not mandatory.

Section 6 empowers the Marriage Officer to keep records of such notices of intended marriage and section 7 permits any third party to object to a marriage under the Special Marriage Act. The court held, “The requirement of publication of notice under Section 6 and inviting/entertaining objections under Section 7 can only be read as directory in nature, to be given effect only on request of parties to the intended marriage and not otherwise.”

Further, while giving notice under Section 5 of the Special Marriage Act, the court observed that “it shall be optional for the parties to the intended marriage to make a request in writing to the Marriage Officer to publish or not to publish a notice under Section 6 and follow the procedure of objections as prescribed under the Act of 1954."

The court added that, in case they do not make such a request for publication of notice in writing, while giving notice under Section 5 of the Act, the Marriage Officer shall not publish any such notice or entertain objections to the intended marriage and proceed with the solemnization of the marriage. 

“However, it shall be open for the Marriage Officer, while solemnizing any marriage under the Act of 1954, to verify the identification, age and valid consent of the parties or otherwise their competence to marry under the said Act. In case he has any doubt, it shall be open for him to ask for appropriate details/proof as per the facts of the case”, Justice Vivek observed.

Background

The court was hearing a habeas corpus petition of a married couple, originally of different faiths where the Muslim woman converted to Hinduism and married her Hindu husband under Hindu personal laws. However, her father was not allowing her to live with her husband despite both of them being adults, duly married with their free will.

The young couple expressed to the court that they could have solemnised their marriage under the Special Marriage Act, 1954 but the said Act requires a 30 days’ notice to be published and objections to be invited from the public at large that would be an invasion in their privacy and definitely caused unnecessary social pressure/interference in their free choice with regard to their marriage.  

The Court further took note that this was an issue affecting a large number of similarly situated persons who desired to build a life with a partner of their own choice. Further, it was submitted that the issue would become more critical with the notification of the Uttar Pradesh Prohibition of Unlawful Conversion of Religion Ordinance, 2020, which prohibits conversion of religion by marriage.

It was further submitted through the petitioners that such young couples are not in a position to raise these issues in court either, as litigation would further attract unnecessary attention which would invade their privacy and cause unnecessary social pressure.

So, the court regarded the issue of “whether the social conditions and the law, as has progressed since passing of Act of 1872 and thereafter Act of 1954 till now, would in any manner impact the interpretation of Sections 5, 6 and 7 of the Act of 1954 and whether with change the said sections no more remain mandatory in nature?”

The court cited a catena of judicial pronouncements on the issue of adults' right to choose a partner, privacy, free will and consent. Justice Chaudhary also referred to the reports of the Law Commission of India and the development of law till the enactment of Special Marriage Act. He noted that it would be “cruel and unethical” to force the present generation living with its current needs and expectations to follow the customs and traditions adopted by a generation living nearly 150 years back for its social needs and circumstances, which violates fundamental rights recognized by the courts of the day.

Paying heed to the actual provisions of the Special Marriage Act, the Single Bench of the Allahabad High Court observed that, “The interpretation of Sections 6 and 7 read with Section 46 containing the procedure of publication of notice and inviting objections to the intended marriage in Act of 1954 thus has to be such that would uphold the fundamental rights and not violate the same. In case the same on their simplistic reading are held mandatory, as per the law declared today, they would invade the fundamental rights of liberty and privacy, including within its sphere freedom to choose for marriage without interference from state and non-state actors, or the persons concerned.”

The court noted the blatant discrimination between marriages under the Special Marriage Act and marriages under personal laws, as for the former a public notice is a prerequisite whereas in the latter there is no such requirement before solemnisation of marriage. He reportedly said, “There is no apparent reasonable purpose achieved by making the procedure to be more protective or obstructive under the Act of 1954 (Special Marriage Act), under which much less numbers of marriages are taking place, than procedure under the other personal laws, more particularly when this discrimination violates the fundamental rights of the class of persons adopting the Act of 1954 for their marriage.”

The Court added that even if there is violation of any legal condition in a marriage entered under the Special Marriage Act, the same legal consequences would follow as it would in such a marriage solemnised under personal laws i.e., “the courts can decide upon the same, including declare such a marriage to be void, as they do under the personal laws.”

While referring to landmark Supreme Court judgments of Puttaswamy that upholds privacy as one of the most important rights to be protected both against State and non-State actors and Shafin Jahan that empowers adults to choose their own partners without social approval, Justice Vivek Chaudhary observed that there is a long chain of decisions “growing stronger with time and firmly establishing personal liberty and privacy to be fundamental rights including within their sphere right to choose partner without interference from State, family or society.”

Finally, the court directed the Senior Registrar of this Court to ensure that a copy of this order is communicated to the Chief Secretary of the State of Uttar Pradesh who shall “forthwith communicate the same to all the Marriage Officers of the State and other concerned authorities as expeditiously as possible.”

The judgment may be read here:

 

Related:

CJP moves SC against “Love Jihad” laws

Allahabad HC protects man booked under UP 'love jihad' law

UP’s tryst with Love Jihad: The Ordinance and Constitutionality

Related Articles


Theme

Campaigns

Videos

Archives

IN FACT

Podcasts

Podcasts

Podcasts

Analysis

Archives

Podcasts

Sabrang

Muslim man asked about "origin", beaten up in Ahmedabad

The labourer said he was drinking tea when two men suddenly came up and began interrogating him

13 Jan 2021

Muslim man

In yet another example of "othering" and alienation of Muslim minorities in Gujarat, a Muslim labourer from Chanakyapuri, Ahmedabad was allegedly beaten up by four men for failing to satisfactorily answer their questions about his origin. The Times of India reported that the man was identified as  23-year-old Arafat Shaikh, a daily wage labourer, who has been living in the city with his wife for the last eight months.

According to Sola police, Shaikh said the incident took place on January 11 when he was having tea at the Chanakyapuri vegetable market at 2.30 PM. “Two men asked me where I had come from. I asked them why they were asking me that. They then began abusing me,” Shaikh reportedly in the FIR.

He alleged that the men continued to become more aggressive and called for more people at the spot. Shortly, two more men arrived on a motorcycle with sticks. Shaikh told the police that the four men beat him with the sticks.

 

Related:

Forget the ‘jihad’ bogey, UP cops seem to be after ‘love' too

Interfaith couple allegedly beaten up in Aligarh court!

Dalit house set ablaze in MP, brothers thrashed, CM silent?

NHRC directs Assam gov’t to pay compensation to hate crime survivor

Muslim man asked about "origin", beaten up in Ahmedabad

The labourer said he was drinking tea when two men suddenly came up and began interrogating him

Muslim man

In yet another example of "othering" and alienation of Muslim minorities in Gujarat, a Muslim labourer from Chanakyapuri, Ahmedabad was allegedly beaten up by four men for failing to satisfactorily answer their questions about his origin. The Times of India reported that the man was identified as  23-year-old Arafat Shaikh, a daily wage labourer, who has been living in the city with his wife for the last eight months.

According to Sola police, Shaikh said the incident took place on January 11 when he was having tea at the Chanakyapuri vegetable market at 2.30 PM. “Two men asked me where I had come from. I asked them why they were asking me that. They then began abusing me,” Shaikh reportedly in the FIR.

He alleged that the men continued to become more aggressive and called for more people at the spot. Shortly, two more men arrived on a motorcycle with sticks. Shaikh told the police that the four men beat him with the sticks.

 

Related:

Forget the ‘jihad’ bogey, UP cops seem to be after ‘love' too

Interfaith couple allegedly beaten up in Aligarh court!

Dalit house set ablaze in MP, brothers thrashed, CM silent?

NHRC directs Assam gov’t to pay compensation to hate crime survivor

Related Articles


Theme

Campaigns

Videos

Archives

IN FACT

Podcasts

Podcasts

Podcasts

Analysis

Archives

Podcasts

Sabrang

Godse library shut down following public outrage

Godse Gyanshala, honouring Mahatma Gandhi’s assassin was closed two days after inauguration, reading material seized

13 Jan 2021

Godse Library

Barely two days after its inauguration, the Gwalior-based Godse Gyanshala, a library dedicated to Mahatma Gandhi’s assassin Nathuram Godse, has been shut down. According to the Indian Express, the library was shut down a day after the District Magistrate imposed Section 144 to ensure law and order in the city. The crisis was threatening to erupt after the right-wing group Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha's (ABHM) act of opening a library to propagate the ideology of the man who killed Gandhi, fuelled massive public outrage.

After the ABHM’s library dedicated to Godse was shut down by district authorities on Tuesday, January 12, all its material was also seized over law and order concerns. This action came a day after the District Magistrate imposed Section 144 in the area to ensure law and order. Gwalior Superintendent Amit Sanghi told the Indian Express, “A meeting was held with members of the Hindu Mahasabha and the Gyanshala was shut down. All the literature, posters, banners and other materials were seized”. The library was also planning to hold lectures on Godse’s journey and Mahatma Gandhi’s “failure” to stop the Partition stated the IE news report.

However, the Hindu Mahasabha vice-president Jaiveer Bharadwaj is pleased with the publicity his project has gotten so far. “We wanted our message to reach out to the people at large and this was done. We did not want any law and order situation, so the library was shut down,” he told IE. Just like the publicity they garnered in 2017, the Hindu Mahasabha installed a Godse statue or which the right-wing reportedly hailed as a ‘temple’, where they planned to hold prayer meetings. It was also removed by the local authorities and a case was registered against the members of the Mahasabha. This time, however, no case has been registered so far, reported IE.

According to Congress spokesperson K K Mishra, “If the BJP government does not agree with someone, they call him a traitor and enemy of the nation. But in this case, the father of the nation has been insulted and yet there is not even an FIR.” SP Sanghi stated that the statue was removed in 2017, as an offence was registered because it violated provisions of the MP Freedom to Religion Act. He said that this time before they could install a statue, the library was shut down, adding “there is no dispute about Mahatma Gandhi being the father of our nation and anything offending will attract police action.”

Akhil Bhartiya Hindu Mahasabha is keen that youth be ‘inspired’ by Nathuram Godse’s brand of ‘true nationalism’. It has for long been working on an image makeover for Godse, the idea is to show that he was a “true nationalist’ especially in its home turf Madhya Pradesh. This library, named the ‘Godse Gyan Shala’ (literally translates as Godse Knowledge Centre), was set up on Vishwa Hindi Diwas, at the Mahasabha’s office at Daulat Ganj. According to news reports the library was stocked with literature on how Godse ‘plotted the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi, his articles and his speeches’. Nathuram Godse, a proponent of Hindu nationalism in his life, shot Gandhi thrice in the chest on January 30, 1948. Each year, on this date an online feud ensues between Gandhi-supporters and Nathuram-supporters.

 

Related:

After Godse 'temple' fiasco, a library dedicated to Mahatma Gandhi’s assassin

Patriotism, Religion and RSS Ideology

I'm also a Muslim, a Christian, a Buddhist, and a Jew: Gandhi's memo to Mohan 

Godse trends on Gandhi Jayanti! Twitter becomes a platform for Us vs Them narrative

Andhra Pradesh BJP man hails Mahatma Gandhi’s assassin Nathuram Godse as a “patriot”

Banned organisations in India

No discussion on who killed Mahatma Gandhi is complete without addressing idea 

Godse library shut down following public outrage

Godse Gyanshala, honouring Mahatma Gandhi’s assassin was closed two days after inauguration, reading material seized

Godse Library

Barely two days after its inauguration, the Gwalior-based Godse Gyanshala, a library dedicated to Mahatma Gandhi’s assassin Nathuram Godse, has been shut down. According to the Indian Express, the library was shut down a day after the District Magistrate imposed Section 144 to ensure law and order in the city. The crisis was threatening to erupt after the right-wing group Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha's (ABHM) act of opening a library to propagate the ideology of the man who killed Gandhi, fuelled massive public outrage.

After the ABHM’s library dedicated to Godse was shut down by district authorities on Tuesday, January 12, all its material was also seized over law and order concerns. This action came a day after the District Magistrate imposed Section 144 in the area to ensure law and order. Gwalior Superintendent Amit Sanghi told the Indian Express, “A meeting was held with members of the Hindu Mahasabha and the Gyanshala was shut down. All the literature, posters, banners and other materials were seized”. The library was also planning to hold lectures on Godse’s journey and Mahatma Gandhi’s “failure” to stop the Partition stated the IE news report.

However, the Hindu Mahasabha vice-president Jaiveer Bharadwaj is pleased with the publicity his project has gotten so far. “We wanted our message to reach out to the people at large and this was done. We did not want any law and order situation, so the library was shut down,” he told IE. Just like the publicity they garnered in 2017, the Hindu Mahasabha installed a Godse statue or which the right-wing reportedly hailed as a ‘temple’, where they planned to hold prayer meetings. It was also removed by the local authorities and a case was registered against the members of the Mahasabha. This time, however, no case has been registered so far, reported IE.

According to Congress spokesperson K K Mishra, “If the BJP government does not agree with someone, they call him a traitor and enemy of the nation. But in this case, the father of the nation has been insulted and yet there is not even an FIR.” SP Sanghi stated that the statue was removed in 2017, as an offence was registered because it violated provisions of the MP Freedom to Religion Act. He said that this time before they could install a statue, the library was shut down, adding “there is no dispute about Mahatma Gandhi being the father of our nation and anything offending will attract police action.”

Akhil Bhartiya Hindu Mahasabha is keen that youth be ‘inspired’ by Nathuram Godse’s brand of ‘true nationalism’. It has for long been working on an image makeover for Godse, the idea is to show that he was a “true nationalist’ especially in its home turf Madhya Pradesh. This library, named the ‘Godse Gyan Shala’ (literally translates as Godse Knowledge Centre), was set up on Vishwa Hindi Diwas, at the Mahasabha’s office at Daulat Ganj. According to news reports the library was stocked with literature on how Godse ‘plotted the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi, his articles and his speeches’. Nathuram Godse, a proponent of Hindu nationalism in his life, shot Gandhi thrice in the chest on January 30, 1948. Each year, on this date an online feud ensues between Gandhi-supporters and Nathuram-supporters.

 

Related:

After Godse 'temple' fiasco, a library dedicated to Mahatma Gandhi’s assassin

Patriotism, Religion and RSS Ideology

I'm also a Muslim, a Christian, a Buddhist, and a Jew: Gandhi's memo to Mohan 

Godse trends on Gandhi Jayanti! Twitter becomes a platform for Us vs Them narrative

Andhra Pradesh BJP man hails Mahatma Gandhi’s assassin Nathuram Godse as a “patriot”

Banned organisations in India

No discussion on who killed Mahatma Gandhi is complete without addressing idea 

Related Articles


Theme

Campaigns

Videos

Archives

IN FACT

Podcasts

Podcasts

Podcasts

Analysis

Archives

Podcasts

Sabrang

After Godse 'temple' fiasco, a library dedicated to Mahatma Gandhi’s assassin

Akhil Bhartiya Hindu Mahasabha wants youth to read about, and be inspired by Nathuram Godse’s ‘true nationalism’

11 Jan 2021

godse

Madhya Pradesh got another building dedicated to the assassin of Mahatma Gandhi. An organisation named the Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha opened a library in Gwalior ‘dedicated to the life and ideology’ of Nathuram Godse, reported the Indian Express.

According to the group, which has for long been working on an image makeover for Godse, the idea is to show that he was a “true nationalist’. Madhya Pradesh already has had attempts to build a ‘temple’ dedicated to Godse set up by the Mahasabha at their Gwalior office. It was removed following an uproar by the Congress reported IE.

However this library, named the ‘Godse Gyan Shala’ (literally translates as Godse Knowledge Centre), seems to have taken off for now, and was set up on Vishwa Hindi Diwas. It was inaugurated at the Mahasabha’s office at Daulat Ganj. According to IE’s news report the library is stocked with literature on how Godse ‘plotted the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi, his articles and his speeches’.

 

 

The Mahasabha’s vice-president Jaiveer Bharadwaj, told the media, “The library was opened to put before the world the true nationalist that Godse was. He stood and died for an undivided India. The purpose of the library is to instil true nationalism which Godse stood for in today’s ignorant youth.” According to Bharadwaj, India was divided to “fulfill the ambitions of Jawaharlal Nehru and Mohammad Ali Jinnah, who both wanted to govern a nation, while Godse opposed it.” The city of Gwalior was chosen by the Mahsabha, as the site of the library dedicated to Godse, as the assassination of Gandhi was plotted in the city, and a gun was also purchased there.

Meanwhile, protem Speaker Rameshwar Sharma on Sunday called the partition of India a mistake by Mahatma Gandhi. “It was Mahatma Gandhi’s mistake that Mohammad Ali Jinnah succeeded in dividing India into two parts,” he told IE.

Nathuram Godse, a proponent of Hindu nationalism in his life, shot Gandhi thrice in the chest on January 30, 1948. Each year, on this date an online feud ensues between Gandhi-supporters and Nathuram-supporters.
 

Related:

Patriotism, Religion and RSS Ideology

I'm also a Muslim, a Christian, a Buddhist, and a Jew: Gandhi's memo to Mohan 

Godse trends on Gandhi Jayanti! Twitter becomes a platform for Us vs Them narrative

Andhra Pradesh BJP man hails Mahatma Gandhi’s assassin Nathuram Godse as a “patriot”

Banned organisations in India

No discussion on who killed Mahatma Gandhi is complete without addressing idea 

After Godse 'temple' fiasco, a library dedicated to Mahatma Gandhi’s assassin

Akhil Bhartiya Hindu Mahasabha wants youth to read about, and be inspired by Nathuram Godse’s ‘true nationalism’

godse

Madhya Pradesh got another building dedicated to the assassin of Mahatma Gandhi. An organisation named the Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha opened a library in Gwalior ‘dedicated to the life and ideology’ of Nathuram Godse, reported the Indian Express.

According to the group, which has for long been working on an image makeover for Godse, the idea is to show that he was a “true nationalist’. Madhya Pradesh already has had attempts to build a ‘temple’ dedicated to Godse set up by the Mahasabha at their Gwalior office. It was removed following an uproar by the Congress reported IE.

However this library, named the ‘Godse Gyan Shala’ (literally translates as Godse Knowledge Centre), seems to have taken off for now, and was set up on Vishwa Hindi Diwas. It was inaugurated at the Mahasabha’s office at Daulat Ganj. According to IE’s news report the library is stocked with literature on how Godse ‘plotted the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi, his articles and his speeches’.

 

 

The Mahasabha’s vice-president Jaiveer Bharadwaj, told the media, “The library was opened to put before the world the true nationalist that Godse was. He stood and died for an undivided India. The purpose of the library is to instil true nationalism which Godse stood for in today’s ignorant youth.” According to Bharadwaj, India was divided to “fulfill the ambitions of Jawaharlal Nehru and Mohammad Ali Jinnah, who both wanted to govern a nation, while Godse opposed it.” The city of Gwalior was chosen by the Mahsabha, as the site of the library dedicated to Godse, as the assassination of Gandhi was plotted in the city, and a gun was also purchased there.

Meanwhile, protem Speaker Rameshwar Sharma on Sunday called the partition of India a mistake by Mahatma Gandhi. “It was Mahatma Gandhi’s mistake that Mohammad Ali Jinnah succeeded in dividing India into two parts,” he told IE.

Nathuram Godse, a proponent of Hindu nationalism in his life, shot Gandhi thrice in the chest on January 30, 1948. Each year, on this date an online feud ensues between Gandhi-supporters and Nathuram-supporters.
 

Related:

Patriotism, Religion and RSS Ideology

I'm also a Muslim, a Christian, a Buddhist, and a Jew: Gandhi's memo to Mohan 

Godse trends on Gandhi Jayanti! Twitter becomes a platform for Us vs Them narrative

Andhra Pradesh BJP man hails Mahatma Gandhi’s assassin Nathuram Godse as a “patriot”

Banned organisations in India

No discussion on who killed Mahatma Gandhi is complete without addressing idea 

Related Articles


Theme

Campaigns

Videos

Archives

IN FACT

Podcasts

Podcasts

Podcasts

Analysis

Archives

Podcasts

Sabrang

MHA credits Home Minister with quelling Delhi riots, public investigations find otherwise

Ministry of Home Affairs Review 2020 hails Amit Shah for handling the communal riots well, but three independent fact finding reports countered that months ago

09 Jan 2021

Amit ShahImage courtesy: India Today


The Ministry of Home Affairs Review 2020, report, was uploaded here:

https://www.mha.gov.in/sites/default/files/AnnualReport_English_01102020.pdf

But the link is no longer functional, and the file has presumably been removed pending review. It was, however, condensed into a comprehensive press statement by the PIB which can be accessed here: https://pib.gov.in/Pressreleaseshare.aspx?PRID=1686899

In its review of 2020, one of the most defining years of India’s history which among other things marked, massive communal riots in February in Delhi, the sudden Covid-19 lockdown and its aftermath, attacks on minorities, Dalits, human rights defenders, abrogation of Article 370 and division of of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh into Union Territories... the Home Ministry has marked most of them as achievements.

What stands out most, is the MHA applauding Union Home Minister Amit Shah’s handling of communal riots which broke out in  Delhi in February 2020. Over a span of six days, February 23 to 29, the riots claimed at least 53 lives and injured more than 500. According to the MHA review, the Home Minister stepped in, and on February 25, chaired a meeting with political parties and senior officials on the issue of violence in Delhi. He is stated to have “urged political parties to avoid provocative speeches and statements which could flare up the communal violence. He noted that the professional assessment is that the violence in the capital has been spontaneous. “

The facts remain that the proactive speeches had already happened in the run up to the Delhi Elections 2020. These communal, hate speeches have all been called out by investigative reports already made public by Delhi Minorities Commission, Delhi State Committee of CPI(M) and Amnesty International. The reports have flagged provocative speeches by the Bharatiya Janata Party politicians including:

Anurag Thakur, Member of Parliament, Minister of State for Finance: He allegedly raised the most dangerous slogan in an election rally in Delhi on January 20, 2020, inciting the public present to chant, “Desh ke ghaddaron ko, goli maaron s*****n ko” (Shoot down the rascals/the traitors to the country). No action was taken against him. A plea was filed in court by Brinda Karat, Member of the Polit Bureau of the CPI(M) and K.M.Tewari, Secretary Delhi State Committee. After which a Chief Metropolitan Magistrate had directed DCP, New Delhi to submit a detailed report to explain why no First Information Report (FIR) was filed against Anurag Thakur and fellow MP Parvesh Verma. 

Parvesh Verma, Member of Parliament: He had allegedly said, “These people will enter your houses, rape your sisters and daughters, kill them” while targeting Muslims, during the BJP’s Delhi Assembly elections 2020 campaign. This hate speech and Islamophobia, was held responsible by the Delhi Minorities Commission fact finding report investigating the North East Delhi riots. He also threatened to destroy mosques built on ‘government land’ in his constituency, and during the Covid-19 lockdown he posted an old video of namaz saying it violated social distancing norms. He was gently scolded by Delhi Police, which reports to the Home Minister.  

Kapil Mishra, BJP member: A few hours before the communal violence broke out, Kapil Mishra ‘warned’ Delhi Police, as he stood next to Deputy Commissioner of Police North East district, Ved Prakash Surya, “If the roads are not cleared, we will have to come onto the roads.” Mishra, continues to be the most ‘vocal’ BJP politician in Delhi, and still uses social media platforms to spew hate against minority communities.  He has been named by the DMC report on the riots. In November 2020, Citizens for Justice and Peace (CJP) approached the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MEITY) with a complaint against Kapil Mishra. 

The MHA Report 2020 claims: Union Home Minister directed deployment of additional forces in affected areas, and on February 27, he took stock of the prevailing Law and Order situation in Delhi.

Fact check: The three-part report by the Delhi State Committee of CPI(M) has directly named Home Minister Amit Shah’s role in police ‘inaction’. It stated: “There has been no answer from him or his ministry as to why adequate security forces were not deployed from February 23 onwards.” It cites that the number of police personnel deployed even as the communal violence raged on was “only between 1,393 and 4,756 ( citing charge sheet based on FIR 59/2020 quoted in Section 2 of this report)” and “by not deploying adequate forces, the Home Ministry deliberately left 13,000 distress calls to the police by frightened citizens unattended.” According to the report, there was “political conspiracy at the highest level to let Delhi burn as part of a political agenda”. 

The MHA Report 2020 claims: Shah responded to a discussion on the recent Law and Order Situation in some parts of Delhi in Rajya Sabha on March 12.

Fact check: He had also made a similar statement in the Lok Sabha on March 11, just days after the riots. The Union Home Minister had applauded the Delhi Police, saying, “Controlling and putting a full stop to riots in just 36 hours in a dense area is a very difficult task. I must say that Delhi police did a commendable job.” However, Amnesty states that the information gathered by them “does not point towards a ‘commendable’ job but instead, reveals a pattern of human rights violations and rampant impunity.” It added that “there have been no investigations till now into the human rights violations committed by the Delhi police during the riots”. Amnesty International India had interviewed more than 50 riot survivors, eye witnesses, lawyers, human rights activists and retired police officers.

In fact on January 27 2020, Shah himself was quoted in multiple news reports saying, “Your vote to (the) BJP candidate will make Delhi and the country safe and prevent thousands of incidents like Shaheen Bagh.” He was speaking in Babarpur, one of the sites of the February riots.

The Union home ministry’s 2020 review has listed Shah’s ‘intervention’ to contain the Delhi riots as one of the highlights of 2020, and suggested the violence that killed 53 people was “spontaneous”. However, it is not yet known what made them disable the link online, hours after news reports revealed the details on January 9, 2021.

 

Related:

Independent inquiry into the North East Delhi communal violence must be set up: CPI(M)

Establish independent review of Delhi Police’s role North East Delhi riots: Amnesty

North-East Delhi Riots: Minorities Commission investigations reveal role of Delhi Police, politicians

 

MHA credits Home Minister with quelling Delhi riots, public investigations find otherwise

Ministry of Home Affairs Review 2020 hails Amit Shah for handling the communal riots well, but three independent fact finding reports countered that months ago

Amit ShahImage courtesy: India Today


The Ministry of Home Affairs Review 2020, report, was uploaded here:

https://www.mha.gov.in/sites/default/files/AnnualReport_English_01102020.pdf

But the link is no longer functional, and the file has presumably been removed pending review. It was, however, condensed into a comprehensive press statement by the PIB which can be accessed here: https://pib.gov.in/Pressreleaseshare.aspx?PRID=1686899

In its review of 2020, one of the most defining years of India’s history which among other things marked, massive communal riots in February in Delhi, the sudden Covid-19 lockdown and its aftermath, attacks on minorities, Dalits, human rights defenders, abrogation of Article 370 and division of of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh into Union Territories... the Home Ministry has marked most of them as achievements.

What stands out most, is the MHA applauding Union Home Minister Amit Shah’s handling of communal riots which broke out in  Delhi in February 2020. Over a span of six days, February 23 to 29, the riots claimed at least 53 lives and injured more than 500. According to the MHA review, the Home Minister stepped in, and on February 25, chaired a meeting with political parties and senior officials on the issue of violence in Delhi. He is stated to have “urged political parties to avoid provocative speeches and statements which could flare up the communal violence. He noted that the professional assessment is that the violence in the capital has been spontaneous. “

The facts remain that the proactive speeches had already happened in the run up to the Delhi Elections 2020. These communal, hate speeches have all been called out by investigative reports already made public by Delhi Minorities Commission, Delhi State Committee of CPI(M) and Amnesty International. The reports have flagged provocative speeches by the Bharatiya Janata Party politicians including:

Anurag Thakur, Member of Parliament, Minister of State for Finance: He allegedly raised the most dangerous slogan in an election rally in Delhi on January 20, 2020, inciting the public present to chant, “Desh ke ghaddaron ko, goli maaron s*****n ko” (Shoot down the rascals/the traitors to the country). No action was taken against him. A plea was filed in court by Brinda Karat, Member of the Polit Bureau of the CPI(M) and K.M.Tewari, Secretary Delhi State Committee. After which a Chief Metropolitan Magistrate had directed DCP, New Delhi to submit a detailed report to explain why no First Information Report (FIR) was filed against Anurag Thakur and fellow MP Parvesh Verma. 

Parvesh Verma, Member of Parliament: He had allegedly said, “These people will enter your houses, rape your sisters and daughters, kill them” while targeting Muslims, during the BJP’s Delhi Assembly elections 2020 campaign. This hate speech and Islamophobia, was held responsible by the Delhi Minorities Commission fact finding report investigating the North East Delhi riots. He also threatened to destroy mosques built on ‘government land’ in his constituency, and during the Covid-19 lockdown he posted an old video of namaz saying it violated social distancing norms. He was gently scolded by Delhi Police, which reports to the Home Minister.  

Kapil Mishra, BJP member: A few hours before the communal violence broke out, Kapil Mishra ‘warned’ Delhi Police, as he stood next to Deputy Commissioner of Police North East district, Ved Prakash Surya, “If the roads are not cleared, we will have to come onto the roads.” Mishra, continues to be the most ‘vocal’ BJP politician in Delhi, and still uses social media platforms to spew hate against minority communities.  He has been named by the DMC report on the riots. In November 2020, Citizens for Justice and Peace (CJP) approached the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MEITY) with a complaint against Kapil Mishra. 

The MHA Report 2020 claims: Union Home Minister directed deployment of additional forces in affected areas, and on February 27, he took stock of the prevailing Law and Order situation in Delhi.

Fact check: The three-part report by the Delhi State Committee of CPI(M) has directly named Home Minister Amit Shah’s role in police ‘inaction’. It stated: “There has been no answer from him or his ministry as to why adequate security forces were not deployed from February 23 onwards.” It cites that the number of police personnel deployed even as the communal violence raged on was “only between 1,393 and 4,756 ( citing charge sheet based on FIR 59/2020 quoted in Section 2 of this report)” and “by not deploying adequate forces, the Home Ministry deliberately left 13,000 distress calls to the police by frightened citizens unattended.” According to the report, there was “political conspiracy at the highest level to let Delhi burn as part of a political agenda”. 

The MHA Report 2020 claims: Shah responded to a discussion on the recent Law and Order Situation in some parts of Delhi in Rajya Sabha on March 12.

Fact check: He had also made a similar statement in the Lok Sabha on March 11, just days after the riots. The Union Home Minister had applauded the Delhi Police, saying, “Controlling and putting a full stop to riots in just 36 hours in a dense area is a very difficult task. I must say that Delhi police did a commendable job.” However, Amnesty states that the information gathered by them “does not point towards a ‘commendable’ job but instead, reveals a pattern of human rights violations and rampant impunity.” It added that “there have been no investigations till now into the human rights violations committed by the Delhi police during the riots”. Amnesty International India had interviewed more than 50 riot survivors, eye witnesses, lawyers, human rights activists and retired police officers.

In fact on January 27 2020, Shah himself was quoted in multiple news reports saying, “Your vote to (the) BJP candidate will make Delhi and the country safe and prevent thousands of incidents like Shaheen Bagh.” He was speaking in Babarpur, one of the sites of the February riots.

The Union home ministry’s 2020 review has listed Shah’s ‘intervention’ to contain the Delhi riots as one of the highlights of 2020, and suggested the violence that killed 53 people was “spontaneous”. However, it is not yet known what made them disable the link online, hours after news reports revealed the details on January 9, 2021.

 

Related:

Independent inquiry into the North East Delhi communal violence must be set up: CPI(M)

Establish independent review of Delhi Police’s role North East Delhi riots: Amnesty

North-East Delhi Riots: Minorities Commission investigations reveal role of Delhi Police, politicians

 

Related Articles


Theme

Campaigns

Videos

Archives

IN FACT

Podcasts

Podcasts

Podcasts

Analysis

Archives

Podcasts

Sabrang

CBI court's Babri Masjid demolition judgment challenged 

A Revision application has been filed before the Allahabad High Court against the CBI special court's decision to acquit all accused in the case

09 Jan 2021

babri demolition

Two residents of Ayodhya have filed a revision appeal against the CBI court’s shocking verdict acquitting all the accused in the Babri Masjid demolition case. The entire nation had witnessed the demolition of a mosque on their television screens in December 1992, and had suffered through the communal riots in its aftermath. 

The appeal has been filed against the September 30, 2020 judgment passed by Special CBI court, Lucknow. The applicants are victims as well as witnesses of the crime in question and they had suffered loss of the historical place of worship known as Babri Masjid as well as financial loss on account of destruction of their houses due to arson and loot.

The application states that they are filing this revision so that culprits may not go unpunished for the heinous crime committed by them and because they fear that CBI may not file the appeal against acquittal under the pressure of the BJP government. Moreover, the CBI has not responded to public appeals made by several Muslim organisations including All India Muslim Personal Law Board and Babri Masjid Action Committee etc to challenge the acquittals.

The application calls out the special court for having acted illegally and with material irregularity in holding that the accused persons were not involved in the crime. The application further speaks about common intention of the accused to demolish Babri Masjid and states that “the essence of liability to be found in the existence of common intention is that the criminal act complained against was done by one of the accused persons in furtherance of common intention of all, if this is shown, then the liability for the crime may be imposed on any one of the persons in the same manner as if the act was done by him alone”.

The applicants state that the CBI court failed to appreciate the basic law of offence dealing with group liability or vicarious liability of members in offences related to Public Tranquillity. The application further states that the CBI court “failed to appreciate the basic facts that these attacks are not against any individual, they are meant to act as threat to an entire religious community charged by communal hatred”. It further states that “The idea is to intimidate and cause fear in the minds of minority, with an aim to instigate the community to react and thereby create a spiral or violence in which the control is with the hate-mongering groups of the majority community.”

The application also points out that the court has failed to take into consideration the law of conspiracy such that for concurrence, if the objective element of a crime is proved beyond reasonable doubt in combination with mens rea then it produces criminal liability. It is also alleged that the court ignored overwhelming evidence of guilt of accused persons proved by the statements of eye witnesses and corroborative evidence put on record.

The application states, “The core of the entire case emanates from promoting enmity between different persons on grounds of religion prejudicing maintenance of harmony amongst the citizenry. The applicants are the victims of consistent hate campaign manufactured by the accused persons to promote communalism-based hatred dividing the people on religious and racist lines to achieve their slanting and oblique motives.”

 

Related:

From Babri Mosque to Ram Temple: A historical perspective

"Temple restoration" suits on the rise; what about the Places of Worship Act?

Ayodhya scam: 4 held for embezzlement from Ram temple trust

CBI court's Babri Masjid demolition judgment challenged 

A Revision application has been filed before the Allahabad High Court against the CBI special court's decision to acquit all accused in the case

babri demolition

Two residents of Ayodhya have filed a revision appeal against the CBI court’s shocking verdict acquitting all the accused in the Babri Masjid demolition case. The entire nation had witnessed the demolition of a mosque on their television screens in December 1992, and had suffered through the communal riots in its aftermath. 

The appeal has been filed against the September 30, 2020 judgment passed by Special CBI court, Lucknow. The applicants are victims as well as witnesses of the crime in question and they had suffered loss of the historical place of worship known as Babri Masjid as well as financial loss on account of destruction of their houses due to arson and loot.

The application states that they are filing this revision so that culprits may not go unpunished for the heinous crime committed by them and because they fear that CBI may not file the appeal against acquittal under the pressure of the BJP government. Moreover, the CBI has not responded to public appeals made by several Muslim organisations including All India Muslim Personal Law Board and Babri Masjid Action Committee etc to challenge the acquittals.

The application calls out the special court for having acted illegally and with material irregularity in holding that the accused persons were not involved in the crime. The application further speaks about common intention of the accused to demolish Babri Masjid and states that “the essence of liability to be found in the existence of common intention is that the criminal act complained against was done by one of the accused persons in furtherance of common intention of all, if this is shown, then the liability for the crime may be imposed on any one of the persons in the same manner as if the act was done by him alone”.

The applicants state that the CBI court failed to appreciate the basic law of offence dealing with group liability or vicarious liability of members in offences related to Public Tranquillity. The application further states that the CBI court “failed to appreciate the basic facts that these attacks are not against any individual, they are meant to act as threat to an entire religious community charged by communal hatred”. It further states that “The idea is to intimidate and cause fear in the minds of minority, with an aim to instigate the community to react and thereby create a spiral or violence in which the control is with the hate-mongering groups of the majority community.”

The application also points out that the court has failed to take into consideration the law of conspiracy such that for concurrence, if the objective element of a crime is proved beyond reasonable doubt in combination with mens rea then it produces criminal liability. It is also alleged that the court ignored overwhelming evidence of guilt of accused persons proved by the statements of eye witnesses and corroborative evidence put on record.

The application states, “The core of the entire case emanates from promoting enmity between different persons on grounds of religion prejudicing maintenance of harmony amongst the citizenry. The applicants are the victims of consistent hate campaign manufactured by the accused persons to promote communalism-based hatred dividing the people on religious and racist lines to achieve their slanting and oblique motives.”

 

Related:

From Babri Mosque to Ram Temple: A historical perspective

"Temple restoration" suits on the rise; what about the Places of Worship Act?

Ayodhya scam: 4 held for embezzlement from Ram temple trust

Related Articles


Theme

Campaigns

Videos

Archives

IN FACT

Podcasts

Podcasts

Podcasts

Analysis

Archives

Podcasts

Subscribe to Communalism