IAMC releases Human Rights Status Report, raises concerns about HRDs in India

During the webinar, UN special rapporteur said that she has been trying to engage with Indian government but the response has been bleak and disappointing


On January 21, the Indian American Muslim Council (IAMC) launched its Human Rights Compendium Series and the first report in this series called Human rights in India: Status report 2021 – Crushing Dissent. The key speakers at the online launch event included Mary Lawlor (UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights Defenders), Teesta Setalvad (Human Rights Defender) and Fr. Cedric Prakash (Jesuit priest and human rights activist). Also present during the webinar were Ajit Sahi, Advocacy Director, IAMC and the event was moderated was Rasheed Ahmed, Executive Director of IAMC.

The IAMC is an advocacy organisation of Indian American Muslims who work towards promoting pluralism, increasing interfaith understanding and building alliances sharing basic values.

Situation of HRDs

After brief introductions, Mary Lawlor who has been appointed as UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of Human Rights Defenders (HRD) in May 2020 for a term of three years, expressed grave concern for the treatment of HRDs in India. She said that, in her position, she was going for a people-centric approach and is apprised with how HRDs in India are struggling against all odds. She said that her position as a special rapporteur gives her a chance to engage with governments and in pursuance to that, she has, until now written six times to the Indian government and has received response only once! 

“This is disappointing and counter-productive. Protecting Human rights Defenders is important for the mandate of human rights and I urge the Indian government to work towards the same,” said Lawlor.

On the misuse of Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA), she said, “Defending human rights is not terrorism and we need to get this message out over and over. UAPA is being used to target HRDs.” She also called upon the government to release Fr. Stan Swamy, 83-year-old tribal activist who suffers from Parkinson’s disease, and all the other 15 activists and academics who have been arrested in the Bhima Koregaon case since 2018. “They should not be in jail, they are modern day heroes,” Lawlor concluded.

FR. Stan’s incarceration

Fr. Cedric Prakash spoke extensively on the incarceration of Fr. Stan Swamy. He spoke highly of Fr. Stan and the impeccable work he had done, living among Adivasis (India’s indigenous people) and helping them fight for their rights. He spoke about the conditions under which Fr. Stan was interrogated for 15 hrs at a stretch at one time, and how he was hurriedly transferred to Mumbai, from Ranchi into NIA’s custody. He said that Fr. Stan has completely denied having any links with the Bhima Koregaon incident and that he was not present for the event. About UAPA, FR. Cedric said, “It is draconian, anti-constitutional, anti-people, anti-democracy and is used to target HRDs, as also the marginalised and the poor”.

“It is time to tell the government, enough is enough”, he concluded.

Misuse of power

Rasheed Ahmed then introduced Teesta Setalvad as someone who has been a human rights defender of long standing who is secretary of Citizens for Justice and Peace. Setalvad began her address by commemorating India’s 71st Republic Day which falls on January 26, when the Indian Constitution was adopted.

“We are at a stage where an elected majoritarian, supremacist government is misusing its power of having been elected to pass laws that make a mockery of democracy and which do not protect human rights but do the contrary,” she said. She pointed out that apart from UAPA there are other equally problematic laws in the country such as Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA), National Security Act (NSA), Public safety Act (PSA) and such others which have facilitated violation of human rights on a large scale.

Setalvad further pointed out that apart from the 16 activists and scholars who have been incarcerated in the Bhima Koregaon there are about 23 youths who have been arrested in the aftermath of the Delhi pogrom of February 2020. In the witch-hunt that continued even during the lockdown, the Delhi Police arrested as many as 23 young activists and scholar, including women and most of whom belonged to Muslim community.

Hatred and othering

She also spoke of how hatred and othering had creeped into the society and propagated by the media driven by political agenda and pointed out the institutional memory in tackling hatred. She also blamed it on the lack of jurisprudence drawing a line between free speech and hate speech which is why hatred has persisted. She specifically mentioned the communalization of the Covid-19 pandemic wherein the Tablighi Jamaat congregation in Delhi was blamed for the spread of the pandemic in the country, driven by a malicious media propaganda as eventually courts have started finding them not guilty of any crimes alleged against them. Although, the incident that was reported at a stretch by TV news media, targeting an entire Muslim population, had serious implications on the lives and livelihoods of Muslim vendors, delivery boys and other small businesses as they were being targeted and discriminated against basis their religion.

Setalvad also spoke about the citizenship crisis in Assam which left 1.9 million Assamese people in a lurch, without citizenship, leading to what she calls a ‘civil death’ as without citizenship “you no longer exist in the eyes of the state”.

Human Rights status report: Crushing Dissent

On January 21, the IAMC launched the first of the annual compendium series and released ‘Human rights in India: Status report 2021’ the subject of which was “Crushing Dissent”. The focus of the report is on issues like the sedition law, hate speech, national security legislations, citizenship crisis in Assam and rest of the country, effect of Covid-19 pandemic on sanitation workers, migrant workers, fisherfolk and so on. Each topic is covered in a manner that gives a brief history of the issue and the laws that work in favour or against it and the jurisprudence around it, while finally concluding with a way forward for each issue. A rather comprehensive document that highlights the issues facing modern India under the governance of the current ruling government in power since 2014 and how the actions of the government have affected various strata and classes of people and communities.

The complete report may be read here



Communalisation of COVID-19: A Bebaak Collective report

Why The Incarceration Of Munawar Faruqui Should Worry Us


Gujarat HC slams police for detaining interfaith couple



Related Articles