Modi Govt’s MHRD Stifles Indian Publishing, Global Body Reacts

Publishers fear red tape, censorship, Govt gets a warning; New and tough rules on ISBN prompt global body to react


There is a serious crisis in Indian publishing, and entirely of the making of the present HRD Ministry. Publishers are facing horrific delays, red tape, bureaucratism, stone walling — which may or may not amount to censorship, but does point to gross incompetence — in the issue of ISBN numbers. The HRD Ministry risks losing its role of distributing International Standard Book Numbers (ISBNs) to publishers in India amid complaints of red-tapism and fears of censorship by the government.

On March 29, in a letter sent to Minister of State for HRD Mahendra Nath Pandey, the ISBN International Agency warned that it is “seriously considering” revoking the ministry’s appointment as the agency for issuing ISBNs in India as the number of complaints has “reached unacceptable levels”.

Says the publishers, LeftWord Books, for instance, “we are using our existing series very conservatively (not issuing e-books, for example, even though we can; or not giving new ISBN nos when we bring out a new edition with a revised price; or, on occasion, deciding to forgo a hardcover version because we want to conserve the numbers we have) to somehow make do.”
Earlier, when the process was manual and analogue, you waited a couple of months, but got 100 numbers at one go, and all you had to do was to inform the ISBN agency when you actually published the book. Under Modi’s first MHRD minister, Smriti Irani, the Ministry made the process online. You have to register, which itself is complicated, both because of the number and kinds of documents asked for, and because the portal doesn't accept any file over 100 KB (yeah, in 2017). Once you register, then you apply for numbers. You get only ten numbers at a time, not 100 as earlier. Then you have to upload all the details of the book (including jacket design and blurb) for each number before you get approval to use it.”
“In the case of many publishers, especially small and independent publishers, the price, cover design and blurb is worked out at the very last moment, just as they go to press. On occasion, we send the text to press and then figure out the cover. Now, basically, you can't afford to send a book to press till the number is approved. At LeftWord, we've been struggling for several weeks to just get ourselves registered. We are nowhere near applying for numbers. By throttling book publishing, the HRD Ministry is impacting the incomes of people in several industries — publishing, printing, binding, lamination, paper, design and other service providers, couriers and the postal system, not to mention daily wage earners like loaders and so on. It is also having a pernicious effect on the intellectual production in our society. This is an extremely serious issue. If you have friends in the media, please reach out to them to help build pressure on the government, “ Sudhanva Deshpande, Leftword.
It was ;ast year, the HRD Ministry, then under Smriti Irani, digitised the allotment of ISBNs, a move that publishers complain has inexplicably slowed down publishing in India. The new online application system has also raised fears of censorship, with the ministry seeking details of each book before issuing ISBNs. Publishers, for instance, have to provide the book jacket, which carries synopsis and blurbs from authors.

ISBN is a unique 13-digit code, usually found on the back cover of a book above the barcode and used by buyers to identify books. Although ISBN is not mandatory to publish a book, it has become an indispensable sales tool as bookstores, wholesalers and distributors keep track of books by these codes. Currently, there are over 150 registration agencies appointed by the UK-based ISBN International Agency for providing ISBNs to publishers in over 200 countries. In India, the Raja Rammohun Roy National Agency (RRMRNA), under the HRD Ministry, has been entrusted with this task.

According to several publishing houses, which spoke to The Indian Express on the condition of anonymity, ISBNs are now issued in lots of 10, instead of 100, after a wait of three to four months. “Many of us have been surviving on our stock of ISBNs secured earlier. But we are running out. At this rate, the publishing industry in the country will face a serious crisis in two to three months,” said a publisher.

Over 10 publishers are learnt to have already submitted a representation to the ministry on the problems being faced. “The (ISBN) Board is concerned at the very high level of email queries and complaints that the International ISBN Agency receives about the ISBN Agency of India from publishers who are based in India. The level of complaints has reached completely unacceptable levels — we are getting a number of complaints every day,” states the letter written by Stella Griffith, executive director, ISBN International Agency.

Griffith’s missive flags mainly three problems. First, the lack of response on email or phone from the ministry once an application for ISBNs has been filed. Second, the delay of three to four months for publishers to get ISBN numbers allotted as against the expected service time of two weeks. Third, the restrictions imposed on the number of ISBNs assigned in one go, from a set of 100 to a set of 10.

The letter also asks the government to clarify with regard to fears of censorship in the Indian publishing community. According to Griffith’s letter, publishers feel that the request to provide full details of each publication before seeking ISBN number amounts to censorship. “In fact, it is usually good practice to collect metadata about each book in order to make sure that the publication qualifies for ISBN (for example, that it is text-based, monographic and available to the public) and also in order that the details about it can be included in a “books in print” listing or database.

However, since I do not think that the India Agency produces a “books in print” listing (although that would be very welcome), and given the long delays in issuing ISBNs, it is very easy to see why publishers might think there is censorship/ restriction on freedom to publish. We hope that you can confirm to us that no such censorship rules or restrictions are in place,” the letter states.

Citing “little sign of improvement” in the ministry’s performance, Griffith wrote, “Board informs you that it is seriously considering revoking the appointment of your agency and awarding ISBN agency of India to another organisation.” Pandey’s office did not respond to questions emailed by The Indian Express. The ministry, however, is learnt to have written back to Griffith this month clarifying its position on the matter.

According to sources, the government has requested the ISBN International Agency to cite specific examples of delay, which can be taken up on priority. It has also defended the conservative approach in issuing ISBNs on the ground that only roughly half of the 78,000 unique codes issued to publishers till date have actually been used for publishing books. The government has also dismissed any suggestions of censorship.

When contacted, Griffith confirmed receiving a response from the HRD ministry to The Indian Express. “We have replied to the joint secretary’s letter and have asked for further clarifications at this time from him. We need the response and are monitoring the situation in the meantime,” she wrote in an email. Asked if the ISBN International Agency has shortlisted alternative names for appointment as the ISBN Agency of India, she stated, “We seek to ensure that satisfactory performance is maintained and work with the respective agency concerned to make improvements as required. If an agency was consistently under-performing we would need to consider what action to take and possibly that might include a change in the responsible national agency.”



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