Stop Violence and Discrimination against Minorities: Retired Civil Servants’ Open Letter

The letter has been signed by 67 retired civil servants belonging to a range of services, many of whom had reached the pinnacle of their careers during their working lives.

Photo credit: Indian Express

The Open Letter expresses deep concern at the continuing brutal violence and widespread discrimination targeting minorities as also the wholly lackadaisical response of law enforcement authorities to these attacks. The letter calls upon the Hon’ble Prime Minister and his Government  to give an immediate and clear response on these issues and to take firm action against the perpetrators of such hate crimes by various law enforcement agencies. In conclusion, it urges those who belong to the majority community to stand up, oppose and publicly condemn the communalization of our society and our country.

Of the 67 signatories, 8 were  in the Indian Police Service (IPS), 9 were in the Indian Foreign Service (IFS),  8  in other services like the Indian Information Service (IIS), the Indian Audit and Accounts Service (IA&AS), the Indian Revenue Service (IRS) and so on and 42 in the Indian Administrative  Service (IAS).Analysis of their ranks and postings is instructive.
Of the IPS officers, most retired in the rank of Director-General of Police and/or Special Secretary/Secretary to the Government of India and two of them went on to become the Governor of Manipur and Adviser to the Governor of Punjab/Ambassador to Romania respectively. Amongst the IFS officers, 8 out of 9 represented India as Ambassadors and High Commissioners to different countries and went on to retire in the rank of Special Secretary/Secretary to the Government of India.
Amongst the signatories are at least 2 former Chief Information Commissioners of the Central Information Commission, a former Chief Information Commissioner in a State, a former Deputy Governor of the Reserve Bank of India and a former Deputy Comptroller and Auditor General of India as well as more than 15 former Secretaries to the Government of India, 3 former Chief Secretaries to State Governments and several Additional Chief Secretaries/Principal Secretaries to State Governments. One is a winner of the Magsaysay Award. Cutting across services, there are are some officers who headed Central and State public sector undertakings, Government Commissions and so on.

January 28, 2011

Open Letter regarding violence and discrimination against minorities in India.
We, retired civil servants belonging to different Services and batches, wish to register our deep concern at the continuing incidents of mindless violence in the country, especially those targeting the minorities, and the lackadaisical response of the law enforcement machinery to these attacks.
The killing of Mohammed Afrazul, a migrant worker from West Bengal in Rajsamand, Rajasthan, on the 25th Anniversary of the demolition of the Babri Masjid has deeply shaken each of us. The recording of the brutal act on video and the circulation of the justification for the killing over the internet cuts at the roots of an inclusive and pluralistic society drawing its inspiration from the teachings of Buddha, Mahavira, Ashoka, Akbar, the Sikh Gurus, Hindu Sages and Gandhi. The violent incidents in Udaipur in support of the alleged killer are a pointer to how deep the sectarian poison has spread among the population of this country.
In the last nine months, we have seen the death of Pehlu Khan on 3rd April after he was attacked by a crowd of so called Gau Rakshaks near Behror, Alwar, on 1st of April. The killers named by him have not been arrested so far. However, seven others have been arrested and subsequently let off on bail.
The second killing on 16th of June of Zafar Khan was in the name of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan. The Municipal Chairman and other Safai Karmacharis in Pratapgarh reportedly beat him to death while he was opposing the naming and shaming process for making Pratapgarh open defecation- free. There is no arrest so far with the police claiming that Zafar Khan died of a heart attack.
The third killing in June 2017, was that of 16-year-old Junaid Khan on a train returning after Eid shopping in Delhi following a dispute over seats on the train when following abuses and insults he was stabbed and thrown out of the train at Asoti station, where he bled to death.
Following an outcry against this incident both within and outside India, the Prime Minister made a statement that “killing people in the name of ‘Gau bhakti’ is unacceptable”. He repeated this once again a day before the Parliamentary session started on 15th of July, 2017, at an all India meeting of the BJP, where he placed the onus on taking stringent action in these cases on the State governments. However, the killings continue without any check.
The fourth killing happened on 27th August, 2017, when Anwar Hussain and Hafizul Sheikh, both 19 years of age, who were transporting cattle purchased from Dhupguri in West Bengal to Tufangunj in Cooch Behar. As they got lost on the way, a mob accosted them in the early hours and when they could not pay the 50,000 rupees demanded of them, beat them both to death. Though three persons were arrested for the lynching, efforts to identify others in the mob have not produced any result so far.
The fifth killing happened on 10th of November, 2017, when Umair Khan and his friends transporting cows were fired on by so called Gau Rakshaks in Govindgarh Tehsil in Alwar district. Umair Khan was killed and his body was carried to the railway track in an attempt to destroy all evidence. Of the seven killers only two were arrested. However, two of the victims, Tahir and Jawed, were placed behind bars.
The Indian Express of December 25 quotes a BJP MLA from Rajasthan – Gyan Dev Ahuja of Ramgarh – who said that “if one engages in cow smuggling or slaughters a cow, he will be killed.” Such language is an open incitement to violence, acts of which are slowly poisoning the body politic and examples of which are listed above. Such words and actions have no place in a civilized society and fly in the face of established jurisprudence. Vigilantism is let loose upon a hapless group with all its tragic consequences.
Apart from the murders, we are deeply concerned to see the acceleration of a process of ghettoization through organized resistance to sale of properties to Muslims, or refusal by owners to have them as tenants. A recent case reported in the media relates to prevention of a Muslim buyer to take possession of a house in the Maliwara locality of Meerut that he had paid for. The daily indignities that the Muslims face in this and many other ways is bound to lead to an atmosphere of resentment in that religious community that will further vitiate an already poisoned environment. The “love-jihad” campaigns of right-wing Hindu groups are again symptomatic of the efforts by extremist elements of the majority religion to interfere in the basic constitutional rights of citizens to enter into marriage with a partner of their choice.
In the past few weeks in December, we are witness to increasing targeting of Christians around the observation of Christmas. On 15th of December, police detained groups singing carols in Satna. When a group of priests went to make enquiries, they were also reportedly detained by the police. In Uttar Pradesh, the Hindu Jagran Manch warned Christian schools in Aligarh against observing Christmas. In Rajasthan, members of the Vishwa Hindu Parishad allegedly stormed a Christmas function on the grounds that this was an attempt at forced conversion.
We seek now and without delay a clear response from the Hon’ble Prime Minister and his government on these issues, along with immediate and firm action against the perpetrators of such hate crimes against minorities in this country by the respective law enforcement authorities.
These recent incidents undermine our Constitutional values and weaken the rule of law to create a new normal in society. Our existing laws provide adequate protection if they are implemented with the necessary will and determination. Legal protection alone however is not a solution when the communal virus has already spread far and wide in the society. It is essential for each of us as individuals to reflect on the repercussions of a situation where the present trends could threaten the peace and cohesion that is a fundamental pre- requisite for our growth and development. And for all of us, most of all for those who belong to the majority community, to go beyond mere reflection, to stand up, oppose and publicly condemn the communalization of our society and our country.

1.S.P. Ambrose, IAS (Retd.), Former Additional Secretary, Ministry of Shipping & Transport, GoI
2.Ishrat Aziz, IFS (Retd.), Former Ambassador to Brazil & Saudi Arabia
3.Vappala Balachandran, IPS (Retd.)Former Special Secretary, Cabinet Secretariat, GoI
4.Meera C Borwankar, IPS (Retd.) Former DGP, Bureau of Police Research and Development, GoI
5.Sundar Burra, IAS (Retd.), Former Secretary, Govt. of Maharashtra
6.Som Chaturvedi, IRTS (Retd.), Former Additional Member, Railway Board, GoI
7.Javid Chaudhuri IAS (Retd.), Former  Secretary, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, GoI
8.Kalyani Chaudhuri, IAS (Retd.), Former Additional Chief Secretary, Govt. of West Bengal
9.Anna Dani, IAS (Retd.), Former Additional Chief Secretary, Govt. of Maharashtra
10.Surjit K. Das, IAS (Retd.), Former Chief Secretary, Govt. of Uttarakhand
11.Vibha Puri Das, IAS (Retd.), Former Secretary, Ministry of Tribal Affairs, GoI
12.Nareshwar Dayal, IFS (Retd.), Former Secretary, Ministry of External Affairs and High Commissioner to the United Kingdom
13.Keshav Desiraju, IAS (Retd.), Former Secretary, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, GoI
14.Sushil Dubey, IFS (Retd.), Former Ambassador to Sweden
15.K.P. Fabian, IFS (Retd.), Former Ambassador to Italy
16.Bhaskar Ghose, IAS (Retd.), Former Secretary, Ministry of Information & Broadcasting, GoI
17.Hirak Ghosh, IAS (Retd.), Former Principal Secretary, Govt. of West Bengal
18.Balagopal Gopalan, IAS (Retd.), Former Special Secretary, Govt. of West Bengal
19.R. Govindarajan, IPS (Retd.), Former Chairman, Joint Intelligence Committee, Cabinet Secretariat (in the rank of Secretary to GoI)
20.Meena Gupta, IAS (Retd.), Former Secretary, Ministry of Environment & Forests, GoI
21.Ravi Vira Gupta, IAS (Retd.), Former Deputy Governor, Reserve Bank of India
22.Wajahat Habibullah, IAS (Retd.), Former Secretary, GoI and Chief Information Commissioner.
23.Deepa Hari, IRS (Resigned).
24.Sajjad Hassan, IAS (Retd.), Former Commissioner (Planning), Govt. of Manipur
25.Gurbachan Jagat, IPS (Retd.), Former DGP, J&K; DG, BSF; Chairman, UPSC; Governor of Manipur
26.Kamal Jaswal, IAS (Retd.), Former Secretary, Department of Information Technology, GoI
27.K. John Koshy, IAS (Retd.), Former State Chief Information Commissioner, West Bengal
28.Ajai Kumar, IFS (Retd.), Former Director, Ministry of Agriculture, GoI 
29.Arun Kumar, IAS (Retd.), Former Chairman, National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority, GoI
30.Brijesh Kumar, IAS (Retd.), Former Secretary, Department of Information Technology, GoI
31.Chaman Lal, IPS (Retd.), Former DGP, Nagaland.
32.PMS Malik, IFS (Retd.), Former Ambassador to Myanmar & Special Secretary, MEA, GoI
33.Harsh Mander, IAS (Retd.), Govt. of Madhya Pradesh
34.Aditi Mehta, IAS (Retd.), Former Additional Chief Secretary, Govt. of Rajasthan
35.Dalip Mehta, IFS (Retd.), Former Secretary to GoI & Dean, Foreign Service Institute
36.Sonalini Mirchandani, IFS (Resigned) 
37.Dr L Mishra, IAS (Retd.), Former Secretary, Ministry of Labour, GoI
38.Sunil Mitra, IAS (Retd.), Former Secretary, Ministry of Finance, GoI
39.Ruchira Mukerjee, IP&TFAS (Retd.), Former Adviser, Telecom Commission, GoI 
40.Anup Mukerji, IAS (Retd.), Former Chief Secretary, Govt. of Bihar 
41.Deb Mukharji,  IFS (Retd.), Former High Commissioner to Bangladesh and Ambassador to Nepal 
42.Pranab S. Mukhopadhyay, IAS (Retd.), Former Director, Indian Institute of Port management, Kolkata, GoI
43.Sobha Nambisan, IAS (Retd.), Former Principal Secretary (Planning), Govt. of Karnataka
44.Sivakami Palanimuthu, IAS (Retd.), Former Special Commissioner, Stationery & Printing Department, Govt. of Tamil Nadu
45.Niranjan Pant, IA & AS (Retd.), Former Deputy Comptroller and Auditor General of India.
46.P R Parthasarathy, IPS (Retd.), Former Director, Anti-Corruption Bureau, Govt. of Maharashtra
47.K Sujatha Rao, IAS (Retd.), Former Secretary, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, GoI
48.MY Rao, IAS (Retd.), Former Chairman, Orissa State Electricity Board, Govt. of Orissa
49.NK Raghupathy, IAS (Retd.), Former Chairman, Staff Selection Commission, GoI
50.Satwant Reddy, IAS (Retd.), Former Secretary to GoI, Ministry of Chemicals and Petrochemicals
51.Julio Ribeiro, IPS (Retd.), Former Adviser to Governor of Punjab & Ambassador to Romania
52.Sayeed Rizvi, IAS (Retd.), Former Joint Secretary, Ministry of Environment & Forests, GoI
53.Aruna Roy, IAS (Resigned) 
54.Manabendra N Roy, IAS (Retd.), Former Additional Chief Secretary, Govt. of West Bengal
55.ManMohan Sagar, IPS (Retd.), Former CMD, Assam Police Housing Corporation
56.Umrao Salodia, IAS (Retd.), Former Chairman, Rajasthan Road Transport Corporation, Govt. of Rajasthan
57.Deepak Sanan, IAS (Retd.), Former Principal Adviser (AR) to Chief Minister, Govt. of Himachal Pradesh
58.Deepak Sandhu, Indian Information Service (Retd.), Former Chief Information Commissioner, Central Information Commission
59.EAS Sarma, IAS (Retd.), Former Secretary, Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance, GoI
60.NC Saxena, IAS (Retd.), Former Secretary, Planning Commission, GoI
61 A Selvaraj, IRS (Retd.), Former Chief Commissioner, Income Tax, Chennai, GoI
62.Ardhendu Sen, IAS (Retd.), Former Chief Secretary, Govt. of West Bengal
63.Aftab Seth, IFS (Retd.), Former Ambassador to Japan
64.Har Mander Singh, IAS (Retd.), Former Director General, ESI Corporation, GoI
65.Jawhar Sircar, IAS (Retd.), Former Secretary, Ministry of Culture, GoI, & CEO, Prasar Bharati
66.Geetha Thoopal, IRAS (Retd.), Former General Manager, Metro Railway, Kolkata
67.Ramani Venkatesan, IAS (Retd.), Former Director General, YASHADA, Govt. Of Maharashtra



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